The Affenpinscher is one of the oldest and most original breeds in Germany. It is true that, with a size of 30 cm, this puppy is small, but it should not be underestimated for that. His effervescent temperament, his passionate courage, and his cute mischievousness make him a great personality.
External characteristics: what does the affenpinscher look like?
This dog is famous, among other things, for its mustache and hair, which must be hard and unkempt. It owes its name—not exactly flattering—to these characteristics, Affenpinscher, which in German means something like simian pinscher.
His simian expression is reinforced by his straight nose, round eyes, and overbite, which differentiates him from other pinschers. But the overbite is not the only thing that distinguishes it from other specimens of this breed family. The short muzzle and coarse hair make it a very special pinscher.
It is sometimes mistaken for a griffon, but the affenpinscher has the shortest and longest part of the snout. By the way, with the snout closed you should not see the teeth.
Exclusively black hair
While the typical Affenpinscher used to come in many colors and shades, such as yellow, red, gray, and blue, today it is only bred black with a black undercoat, according to the standard. The hair is harsh in texture and forms a conspicuous ornament on the head with bushy eyebrows, a beard, and shaggy hair on the chest and cheeks. The round eyes are also surrounded by unruly hair like a crown.
Affenpinscher puppies typically have black fur with a black undercoat. However, sometimes they have gray or brown hues.
Character: angel or devil?
Boredom is the worst thing that can happen to this lively furry guy. It is a very energetic animal that enjoys variety. In addition, he is a fan of walks and games and has great stamina.
He gets along with other dogs and loves to romp in the grass. He also tends to get along with children who share his desire to play. However, you can also show them very clearly that you don’t like something.
The Affenpinscher dog has very clear ideas. If something doesn’t fit him, he can be very cheeky or stubborn. But one forgives him these whims immediately. After all, he is not a spiteful dog and he forgets things quickly with little games.
Thanks to his great intelligence, he grasps everything right away and understands what is being asked of him. Thus, despite his stubbornness, he is a flexible and simple dog that manages well everywhere.
He is very faithful to his caregivers, cuddly and attached. He takes his role as guardian of the family very seriously and executes it with undaunted courage. This sometimes makes strangers aware of the wrathful mini-demon within. No wonder they call it diabetic mustache in French, which roughly translates to the little devil with a mustache.
Tenure and training
To be happy, the Affenpinscher needs little more than the closeness of his people. It is an animal attached to people that, otherwise, has few demands on the environment. In a city flat, you can live just as well as in a big house with a garden. It is a dog that adapts to almost any environment.
Its flexible character and attached to people makes it normally easy to train. He is a fast learner and is always willing to follow his keeper. However, he is credited with a certain stubbornness that can often turn into stubbornness. This can also cause problems in the training. Lack of perseverance can have unpleasant consequences and transform this affectionate little dog into a choleric tyrant.
How much exercise do you need?
This lively and temperamental dog must get enough exercise. He enjoys long and varied walks, as well as playing and frolicking in nature with your family or other dogs. Although it is small, its strength and dynamism should not be underestimated.
Fortunately, the Affenpinscher is always up for play and it’s not too difficult to find an activity that he enjoys. His desire to play and his ability to understand everything make him a very grateful and simple dog. You will see that you can immediately excite him with new exercises, dog sports, or other activities.
Basic equipment for arrival
Before the affenpinscher arrives, you must have the basic equipment for your furry. This includes feeders and drinkers, a strap with harness or necklace, bed, and toys.
Since Haircare is unavoidable for the Affenpinscher, you will need to buy mild dog shampoo and a brush. Just in case, it is also advisable to buy a flea comb and tick remover pliers to transport the Affenpinscher, the ideal is a simple carrier, since it is a small breed.
Diet: what is the ideal diet?
In general, the Affenpinscher does not have intolerances, allergies, a tendency to be overweight, or diseases that require special food. This makes your feeding easy.
It does not need special food and tolerates both feed or conventional wet food such as homemade and raw food. It is not easy to decide what to serve you in the feeder, as the selection of food and feeding methods is huge.
What is the best food for your dog depends on their particular needs. So you have to adapt your food to your lifestyle and living conditions. The nutrients that dogs need vary from animal to animal and can change throughout their lives.
If you have doubts about feeding, rely less on the advertising promises of some manufacturers and more on the advice of the veterinarian. A nutritional table adapted to the age, weight, activity, and health status of the dog helps to understand what it needs for a healthy and active life.
All good food contains plenty of quality meat, some vegetables, and important facts. Too many grains, other filling ingredients, and chemical sweeteners or preservatives should not be present.
Care: intensive coat care
The Affenpinscher coat care is more demanding than its diet. Although many describe the breed as easy to care for, that doesn’t mean coat care is short on time.
This is certainly not the case with the Affenpinscher. Long black hair is due to brush or comb regularly to keep it clean and tangle-free. In addition, it must be sheared at least twice a year. Instead, you just have to bathe him when necessary.
Coat care from puppy
So that the care of the affenpinscher does not become a constant struggle, you need to get him used to them as soon as possible. Set fixed schedules for the care of the dog and dedicate this time exclusively to its hair, teeth, ears, and eyes.
Link the brushing and inspection of your dog always to something nice. Caress him, give him closeness and attention, and teach him that it is worth staying still and being pampered by you.
Nail trimming can be quite inconvenient because due to thick black hair you can accidentally cut your nails too short. So if you’re not sure you can do it right, it’s best to have it done by your vet.
Affenpinscher Health: Few Typical Breed Diseases
If you adopt an Affenpinscher dog, it will accompany you for many years. The average life expectancy of this breed is 15 years. This is because the breed has hardly changed since it has existed and has maintained its original robust state.
The Affenpinscher never became a fashionable dog, something that many breeds paid dearly for. He has practically no diseases typical of the breed and, in general, enjoys iron health.
Affenpinscher Breeding: Very Rare Today
With the beginning of industrialization and the breeding of new dog breeds, in which the beauty of the animals was increasingly valued, in addition to their character, the demand for this small ape-like buzzard decreased.
Today, only 20 to 30 puppies are born a year in their home country of Germany. This is also because Affenpinscher litters are usually only two or three puppies each. However, in other countries, some breeders are dedicated to this very special breed.
By the way: In addition to the official FCI standard, adopted by the German Pinscher-Schnauzer-Klub 1895, there are two more standards in the British Kennel Club (KC) and the American Kennel Club (AKC), which differ slightly from that of the FCI.
Purchase: how much does it cost?
If you are interested in an Affenpinscher puppy, you will probably have to wait a long time. The search for a suitable breeder requires a lot of effort and patience due to the great distances and the lack of litter.
Those who, after all the work, end up finding a breeder, jump right in, of course. However, as with all dogs, you shouldn’t rush into purchasing an Affenpinscher. Analyze the breeder well and make sure that he has the necessary documentation with the FCI logo that certifies the health and character of the puppies.
A purebred puppy with papers easily costs between 1,000 and 1,500 euros. If the purity of the breed is not important to you, it is worth taking a look at the shelters.
Origin: what is an affenpinscher and where does it come from?
It is difficult to know exactly which dogs the Affenpinscher came from. In the past, there were small, shaggy dogs in many countries around the world. The most likely hypothesis is that it comes from a cross between a pinscher and Asian pug-type dogs.
In one of Jan van Eyck’s paintings from 1434, a small dog appears that could be an ancestor of the griffon, the dwarf schnauzer, or the affenpinscher. What is clear is that the current appearance of the Affenpinscher dog has been that way for a long time.
The Affenpinscher in Germany
In Germany, considered their country of origin, these dogs are one of the oldest and most unchanged breeds. Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) already represented dogs in his woodcuts, which are very reminiscent of the current Affenpinscher breed.
The first records of these dogs date back to the year 1879. The famous reference work The Life of Animals from 1890 already describes the breed extensively. This shows the great popularity that these puppies enjoyed in their homeland.
Originally, they were kept and bred primarily as buzzards, keeping mice and rats off the property. However, his faithful attachment to the family soon began to be valued as well. This, along with his courage and vigilance, made him an effective watchdog.
Conclusion: one of the best
Despite its size and reputation as a beginner’s dog, you should not take Affenpinscher training lightly. Especially for beginners, it is worth attending a canine school to learn the basics of possession and training(of puppies).
If you have internalized the basic rules and trained the Affenpinscher with love and perseverance, you will enjoy it a lot with him right away. Alfred Edmund Brehm wrote this about the Affenpinscher in his famous reference work The Lives of Animals (1890): “The dog must be considered one of the best. He is a cheerful and funny animal, dedicated to the man at the highest level, flattering and affectionate with friends, and very good when it comes to fighting with other dogs.