German Spitz vs Pomeranian Breed Differences

German Spitz vs Pomeranian: Breed Differences and Similarities

The German Spitz and the Pomeranian share the same ancestry, descending from larger arctic sled-pulling breeds, dating back almost 6,000 years, and their history has been intertwined ever since. These guys originate from Germany, where they were traditionally used as herding and guard dogs, and although they are now more commonly found in family homes, they still make a great watchdog with their piercing barks.

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At a glance, the German Spitz and the Pomeranian are similar-looking puppies, however, upon closer examination, they are quite different in appearance. Their temperament is very similar, as are most of the other factors that surround them both. Let’s take a closer look at those differences and get into the finer details.

Comparison of the German Spitz and Pomeranian

Pomeranians are the result of selective breeding of medium German Spitz, which are larger dogs and was used for hunting or herding.

Let’s see its characteristics in this comparative table.

Breed Comparison Chart

German SpitzPomeranian
Height12 – 15 pulgadas (M & F)6-7 pulgadas (M & F)
Weight24 – 26 libras (M & F)3 – 7 libras (M&F)
TemperDevoted, lively, attentiveInquisitive, Bold, spirited
EnergyModerateModerate
HealthAverageAverage
Cleanlinessdaily brushingdaily brushing
Life expectancy13 – 15 years12-16 years
Price$800+$1,000+

All types of Pomeranian Breed 

The Pomeranian breed, also known as the German Spitz, will not leave you indifferent since the various furry variants within it make our dream of perfect pets for the home (yes, the size of your house has to be in proportion with the one you choose) but also to take for a walk, with all the benefits that this canine activity entails.

The difference between these adorable dogs lies in their size. It is very normal to put on a surprised face when someone tells us: “my dog ​​is a Spitz”, but did you know that they can refer to one as the Pomeranian? We tell you more about the physical characteristics of this breed, as there are several types of German Spitz. Do not despair because thanks to this article you will meet all the German Spitz that exists! Czech!

History Comparison

The word ‘Spitz’ is a general term used to describe many breeds of dogs that are stocky with thick fur, have erect ears, and usually have a plumb tail that rides up their backs. The Pomeranian is an immediate relative or even only a ‘toy’ adaptation of the German Spitz and as such their set of experiences is firmly entwined.

German spitz

The German Spitz was first documented in the 15th century in the Pomerania area, and there they were used as agricultural guard dogs by the poorer members of society. It was in the 18th century that his popularity grew thanks to visits from royal nobles who fell in love with him. George I, King of England during the 18th Century, had a German wife who was a huge fan of the breed, as were all of his visiting friends who also brought their Spitz with them.

It is important to note that there are officially five types of the German Spitz breeds:

  • Wolfspitz / Keeshond
  • Grossespitz / Giant
  • Medium pointed / medium
  • Little Spitz / Miniature
  • Toy Spitz / Pomeranian

In this article, we will refer to the Medium Pointed, or Medium-Sized Spitz, as this is what most people think of when referring to a ‘German Spitz’. The German Spitz population suffered a massive decline in numbers after World War I, but by breeding Keeshonds with Pomeranians, fanciers revived the Mittel’s numbers once again.

The German Spitz is a relatively new breed to America, and as such is currently in the Foundation Stock Service Program, which allows rarer breeds to establish fully recognizable status within the American Kennel Club (AKC). Because of this, it does not have a popularity rating compared to the Pomeranian and is much rarer in America.

Additionally, the AKC, United Kennel Club, and Canadian Kennel Club are the only major clubs in the world that recognize the American Eskimo Dog as a separate breed, many other kennel clubs view it as the same breed as the German Spitz. Some believe that this separation was due to anti-German sentiment and the renaming of many German breeds. If you like the German Spitz, be sure to check them out too, as they too are very similar, if not the same, but that’s a discussion for another day!

How many varieties and sizes are there?

There are 5 types of spitz dogs, according to their size: 

  • spitz wolf: 49 cm. with variation of +-6 cm.
  • large spitz: 46 cm. with a variation of +-4 cm.
  • medium german spitz: 34 cm. with a variation of +-4 cm.
  • small: 26cm with a variation of +-3 cm.
  • Dwarf German Spitz (Pomeranian): 20 cm. with a variation of +-2 cm.

The spitz standard does not specify a certain weight, but it does specify height. The weight must be in line with the height of the animal so that it is harmonious.

Spitz dog character

The German Spitz is an intelligent, attentive, loyal dog that is exceptionally attached to its owner. They are active dogs, with fine ears and are always aware of what is happening around them. Like other ancient breeds, Spitz dogs are naturally wary of strangers, making them an ideal guard dog. They are easy to train and can be easily trained, always using a positive reinforcement method. 

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It is important to walk them several times a day, and at least one of the outings should be 30 or 40 minutes so that your spitz burns energy and stays in good physical and mental shape. It is a strong dog by nature, capable of resisting very well in cold climates and enjoying excellent health.

Pomeranian

The name of the Pomeranian was taken from the province of Germany in which they were popular. Famous people such as Michaelangelo are believed to have preferred smaller Spitz dogs, and Isaac Newton had a Pomeranian that is said to have eaten many of his manuscripts. Like the German Spitz, the Pomeranian became popular in the 18th century with English royalty, but Pomeranians back then were much larger and not as popular with the masses.

This changed when Queen Victoria I stumbled upon a 12 pound Pomeranian in Italy, and then it became her lifelong hobby to create much smaller Pomeranians, eventually being refined to the size we know today.

Since then, the Pomeranian with its smaller toy stature became an instant hit around the world, and the first Pomeranian to be entered into the AKC was in 1888. It is currently ranked as the 23rd most popular breed in America. The Pomeranian is otherwise called the Zwergspitz in numerous European nations.

HAIR: Its double coat consists of a long, luxuriant, hard-structured outer coat and a short, dense undercoat.

TAIL: A characteristic of the Pomeranian breed is the very feathered and high tail.

One of the main differences with its predecessor, the German Spitz, is that the Pomeranian is the only Spitz dog whose tail must lie flat and straight on its back.

Pomeranian: breeders or breeding establishments

In this section, you can find the best-registered breeders in countries such as the United States, Spain, Argentina, Bermuda, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Uruguay, and Venezuela; to whom you can request all the information you are looking for. You must buy from a reputable breeder so that you can be sure that your puppy has been:

  • Bred for good health and temperament;
  • All around chose (his folks were picked without hereditary sicknesses);
  • Appropriately mingled, so it isn’t excessively unfortunate or excessively forceful;
  • Vaccinated and well cared for.

In addition, if you adopt a puppy, the reliable breeder will give you a veterinary certificate, stating that the delivery of the animal is dewormed and completely healthy.

You can constantly request the family, which then again is fundamental: it permits you to actually look at the virtue of the canine’s variety. A creature with a family has specific qualities of breed that separate it from the rest.

The Pomeranian Pomeranian is undoubtedly one of the smallest dogs in the world: do you want to know what are some of the most famous small dog breeds on the planet? are here!.

How many types of Pomeranian breed are there?

There are several types of this breed. On the one hand, you can distinguish between English and American Pomeranians by the face (fox in the first case and bear in the second case). In addition, those with a doll face are also added. These are the principle qualities of each kind:

  1. Bear-faced Pomeranian: They are known in this way for having a face very similar to that of a teddy bear. It is originally from the United States and is also popular as a toy, as it is the smallest type of Pomeranian breed. It has a short coat but with a lot of volumes.
  2. Fox-faced Pomeranian: This is the most common type of breed among Pomeranians. It has a longer nose, which makes its features sharper. The hair is smooth and long with a double coat kept upwards.
  3. Doll-faced Pomeranian: Similar to the Bear-faced Pomeranian, but with a shorter, rounder snout. The eyes are further apart and placed higher on the face. In addition, it is larger than the other two variants and with less smooth and voluminous hair, but longer.

Physical Characteristics of the Pomeranian

According to the FCI or International Cynological Federation, the physical features of the Pomeranian are very particular.

  • It reaches an average height of 22 cm and a weight that ranges between 1.5 and 3.5 kg. A vigorous little canine moves with incredible nimbleness. The males of this breed are usually smaller than the females.
  • Pomeranians have small, stiff ears. The face, as explained above, takes the form of a fox, bear, or doll depending on its type. Regarding the tail, hair abounds and reaches the head.
  • There is a wide variety of colors of the Pomeranian: brown, black, white, gray, orange, and other shades. The nose is black except for the brown variants, whose nose is the same tone. The coat is very abundant, double-layered, soft, and smooth.

How to know if a Pomeranian puppy is pure

Assuming you have at any point pondered ” how to be aware on the off chance that my Pomeranian doggy is thoroughbred? with this One how-to article you will have many keys to find it. In any case, if you want to have greater certainty as a puppy, keep these aspects in mind:

  • Physique: small in size, with voluminous, soft, and smooth hair, of one or more of the colors mentioned above, especially brown, and with a coiled tail that reaches the head or halfway down the back. Remember that his face is very particular, that it can be that of a teddy bear, a fox, or a doll.
  •  Character: it is a very active breed, loyal and protective of its family, distrustful of unknown people, tends to bark a lot, and has a great learning capacity.

Appearance: German Spitz vs Pomeranian

The German Spitz and the Pomeranian are small-sized puppies, with the Pomeranian being the toy version. The German Spitz is 12 to 15 inches from paw to shoulder, in both males and females, while the Pomeranian is only 6 to 7 inches, again in both males and females. The German Spitz will weigh 24 to 26 pounds while the Pomeranian will weigh a small 3 to 7 pounds, again both weights are the same for males and females in both breeds. As you can see from the numbers, the German Spitz can be up to twice as tall and weigh up to three times as much as the Pomeranian.

After the significant size difference, the second biggest difference between them is their fur. Both have double coats which allowed them to keep warm while guarding their herds and farms in Germany. However, the German Spitz’s undercoat is soft and fluffy, and its outer coat is thicker and smoother. While the Pomeranian’s undercoat is short and dense, its outer coat is finer and longer, giving it its ball of fluff appearance, more so than the German Spitz. If you were to wet the fur of both the German Spitz and the Pomeranian, you would see how much larger the German Spitz is compared to the Pomeranian. Pom poms come in many different colors including black.

The German Spitz’s tail is slightly curved to one side, while the Pomeranian has a heavily feathered tail that sits high and lies flat against its back. The Pomeranian has 18 standard colors that are recognized, while the German Spitz has only 8 recognized colors.

They also have different shaped heads and muzzles. The German Spitz has a much longer snout that is half of its skull, while the Pomeranian has a much shorter snout that is 1/3 of its skull. The German Spitz’s ears are triangle-shaped, erect, and always visible, compared to the Pomeranian’s which are also erect but often disappear into his fluffy mane.

Dwarf German Spitz or Pomeranian

This is a very well-known dog in Mexico. It reaches up to 22 centimeters in height and does not weigh more than one and a half kilos. Some measures position it as the best travel companion because it fits perfectly in your bag. Black, brown, white, orange… the color of their fur is very varied!

Small German Spitz

It can live up to 15 years old and its weight does not exceed 7 kilos. However, in height, it does not measure up because they are very small. Oh! His character is so cheerful that you will not be separated from yours for a second.

Medium German Spitz

Sympathy  -as it happens to these dogs- is his second name. We die of laughter with them! These adorable dogs do not weigh more than 30 kilos, a characteristic that makes them very skilled.

Large German Spitz

They are strong, robust, and the owners of the world. This variety of German Spitz is the most demanded, especially by people who live in the countryside and enjoy animals as much as we do. They are excellent guardians!

German Spitz wolf or Keeshond 

This one leaves us speechless because it is as presumptuous as it is intelligent. In addition, this type of dog is always alert to what may happen. It was not in vain that he lived with men in the lacustrine settlements of prehistoric Europe. They were in charge of guarding, hunting, dragging sleds, and keeping the nomads who lived in tents company. We want one!

What is the difference between a Pomeranian and a German Spitz?

In addition to size, Pomeranians and German Spitz differ in the tail, color, and coat.

Here we tell you all the differences between a Pomeranian and a German Spitz.

Tail Differences

We already mentioned that the Tail is one of the main differences, the tail sets of the Pomeranian and the German Spitz differ.

The pom’s densely feathered tail lies flat and straight on its back. His buttocks are behind the tail. In contrast, in the case of the German Spitz, its tail is curled over its back and carried to one side or curled into a ring.

Shelter

In the Pomeranian, the outer hair is very abundant. The front legs are well dense with hair. Its hind legs and thighs have thick fur that reaches down to the ankle and forms a skirt.

You can cut your pom to make sure it’s suitable for display.

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In silhouette, the German Spitz does not have enough fur to resemble the pom. According to the standard, it should have a lot of fur around the neck and forequarters with lots of ruffles, but not excessive.

Since Spitz dogs tend to have larger proportions, the compact appearance of the Pomeranian is not appreciated.

The German Spitz is not a breed that requires clipping, except for the legs below the hocks, the anal area, and the feet. Any other haircut or trim is not acceptable.

Why do some Pomeranians look more like the German Spitz?

“Pomeranians” bred by non-show breeders often resemble the German Spitz more than the Pomeranian. This is more often due to poor breeding practices than a German Spitz in the dog’s pedigree.

If you wish, you can verify your dog’s ancestry through DNA testing.

Something similar can happen in color reproduction programs. The Pomeranian breed type often quickly deteriorates and reverts to the German Spitz type.

Coat, size, short back, and pigmentation are usually the first breed qualities to deteriorate in white Pomeranian breeds. This syndrome can be called “race resistance” and is evidence of the origin of the race.

Those who wish to buy a Pomeranian dog that resembles the famous Boo Pomeranian should take good advice and buy a Pomeranian of this style from a serious breeder.

Pomeranian: character, he is intelligent, attentive but also a bit snobbish…

The German Dwarf SpitzPomeranian, or Pomeranian is an ideal pet dog. He is cheerful and endowed with healthy curiosity and good intelligence. However, he behaves enthusiastically almost only with the owner: with strangers, he is often distrustful and a bit annoying, he tends to get nervous easily and even tends to bark obsessively.

So it seems to feel better at home, or alone in its owner’s bag, away from prying eyes (unless it’s paparazzi!). It adapts to obligatory contact with other human beings or with its four-legged friends. In short, he is a faithful and loyal dog, but also a bit of a “snob”.

However, its always “vigilant” character makes it a good watchdog, even giving alarms in case of danger. On the one hand, he has a very protective character, but also, he is very quick to learn: a very gifted dog in general. Its worldwide success is no surprise, placing it squarely in the top 15 most registered dog breeds by several sales!

It must be said, returning to his character, that he is not an “easy” dog, he is not particularly suitable for a family life where there are children: let’s say that at least he is not ideal. It is also a very possessive dog, as a result, it can enter into competition with “the children of the family” to win over the owners. These are general indications since a well-trained Pomeranian can live in harmony with large and small under one roof.

Pomeranian (German Dwarf Spitz): puppies and price

It is a famous and popular breed, so it should not be a problem to find the specimen you are looking for. You just have to take into account how important it is to resort to certified breeders, more concerning a breed that is so requested, like the bags in which it ends up being carried, it could be… imitation!

Speaking of prices, however, the purebred Dwarf German Spitz puppy ranges between 500 and 1,000 euros, about 600–1,100 dollars.

Price of a german spitz

The price of a German Spitz is from 400 to 1,000 euros.

This depends on the genetic lines of the dog, how it has been bred, it’s quality and beauty, the vaccines and official documents that are provided, veterinary tests that it has received if there are international champions in its lineage, and the reputation of the breeder.

If you want to buy a German Spitz, contact a responsible breeder of the breed who preferably breeds at home. Visit their facilities and meet the puppies and their parents. Never purchase from pet stores or multi-breed doggy raisers, which keep you from visiting their offices, the pup, and its folks.

Discover the gray dog ​​with blue eyes, a breed with a unique appearance and incredible velvety coat.

how many different colors are there

You can find German Spitz dogs in a wide variety of colors: 

  • Black: Both the outer coat and the fleece must be completely black, the outer coat with a jet black sheen, without white spots.
  • Brown: with a uniform tone
  • White: pure color without yellowish tones
  • Orange
  • Greyish: gray or silver coat with black tips, and black mask on muzzle and ears.
  • Other colors: cream, sable, black with fire, and two colors, with spots of the aforementioned tones on a white background.

Temperament : German Spitz vs Pomerania

Despite their different appearance, they have similar temperaments. They are both little pocket rockets, which are animated and bounce around for hours on end. They are constantly on the go, and because of this, you need to be with them for most of the day, either to entertain or hold them or if you have to leave them for extended periods, you must leave. them with something to do. His little legs may not need the exercise, but his brain rarely stops to rest.

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They are both very social and curious dogs that will want to be friends with everyone. They are also very affectionate with their family and will love spending the afternoon napping on your lap. They additionally partake in the organization of kids, however, because of the little size of both the German Spitz and the Pomeranian, it is basic to show them how to handle a little canine appropriately, because they are substantially more sensitive than kids suspect.

Due to their guard dog past, they are very barking and have not lost this trait. This is great if you’re looking for a cute canine to alert you to everything, but if you’re not that tolerant of barking or live somewhere with noise restrictions, then neither of these guys is for you.

For this reason, although they are generally happy with other dogs, their response will either be to bark because they are excited, or they will bark because they are challenging their comrades. Their fearless challenges are often what cause them to be hurt by other dogs unfamiliar with these little guys who take on them.

Exercise: German Spitz vs Pomeranian

Both the German Spitz and the Pomeranian are fireworks. Just like Tigger from Winnie the Pooh, they bounce around all day! They are considered medium energy dogs and need up to 30 minutes of active exercise per day. This can be two walks a day, as long as you are also entertaining them throughout the day, or they can entertain themselves in the garden.

They both need a fair amount of exercise for a small dog, so don’t expect a lapdog from these guys, as they can both be quite destructive if they choose! Both breeds will need dog toys that fit their size, and this is especially true with the Pomeranian.

Training: German Spitz vs Pomeranian

As with any dog, it’s important to socialize these guys as soon as possible. Not only does this increase your chances of having a well-mannered adult dog, but it also means that they are comfortable in many different situations. While they are not shy in any sense of the word, their small size often makes the world that much bigger and scarier, and socialization turns them into the dogs they should be; fearless and lively.

Although his high-pitched bark is seen as cute by some, he must be trained to stop barking on command. Not only can it get boring after a while, but it also prevents him from fighting the bigger dogs, which, in turn, will keep him out of trouble. Make certain to find out about bark preparing with these little men.

Health: German Spitz vs Pomeranian

Both the German Spitz and the Pomeranian are generally healthy dogs, with long lifespans. Because the German Spitz is a relatively new breed in the United States, there is little information to suggest exactly what tests are recommended for him, but since he suffers from similar problems as the Pomeranian, it’s a safe bet for his parents to have the same recommendation. . health assessments:

1. Patella Evaluation

2. Cardiac exam

3. Ophthalmologist evaluation

The American Pomeranian Club has listed its health details in more detail on its website.

Nutrition: German Spitz vs. Pomerania

The German Spitz will eat slightly more at around 2 cups of food a day, while the Pomeranian will eat around 1 to 1 ½ cups a day. As with any dog, giving him the best quality kibble is the easiest way to improve his health.

Grooming: German Spitz vs Pomeranian

Both the German Spitz and the Pomeranian need daily brushing to ensure their hair stays tangle-free, as well as to help manage their loose and fuzzy hair.

None of them need to be bathed regularly, as long as it’s no more than once every 6 weeks, you should bathe them when they need general grooming!

Dental cleaning should be a priority for these little ones, as their small jaws increase their chances of experiencing dental health problems. Brushing them a few times each week will be satisfactory.

Toilet Comparison

Both the German Spitz and the Pomeranian need daily brushing to ensure their hair stays tangle-free, as well as to help manage their loose and fuzzy hair. None of them need to be bathed regularly, as long as it’s no more than once every 6 weeks, you should bathe them when they need a general fir! Dental cleaning should be a priority with these little ones, as their small jaws increase their chances of experiencing dental health problems. Brushing them a few times each week will be satisfactory.

Puppy Price: German Spitz vs Pomeranian

Since the German Spitz is quite rare in America, there is little demand for them compared to the Pomeranian. While there is little information on the price of a German Spitz, it appears that the average is $800+, which is much less compared to the cost of a Pomeranian, which is between $1,000 and $3,000.

Final thoughts

The German Spitz and the Pomeranian are similar in their life-loving and combative temperaments, and despite looking similar, they are quite different when it comes down to the finer details. These guys are not your average small dog, they require moderate exercise, and they need specific training to make sure they don’t get too cocky, so you should do your research if you’re considering welcoming one of these little guys into your home.

They share family and history and as such their comparative qualities practically remain inseparable. Whatever their differences, they are both adorable little balls of fluff full of energy and fun. So if a small dog with a big character is what you’re looking for, these guys are exactly that!