The golden retriever is one of the most popular breeds, especially for families. But his ability to learn is not the only quality that characterizes him. In this article you will learn everything there is to know about the golden retriever.
Appearance: muscular dog with a harmonious constitution
The great popularity of the golden retriever is not only due to its friendly nature but also to its attractive appearance. These dogs have a very harmonious and well-proportioned constitution.
Its stamped nasofrontal gloom and dull eyes give it exemplary easygoing and amicable articulation. Thanks to its strong muscles and robust bones, it is a very agile and dynamic dog.
The semi-long hair is straight or wavy, but never curly, and is glued to the back area. Instead, the rear parts of the forelegs, the underside of the tail, and the chest and belly area are heavily populated. Thanks to the dense undercoat, the Golden Dog is very well prepared for extreme cold and wet weather conditions.
As for the color, it presents any shade of gold or cream. Only a few white hairs on the forecast are allowed.
The golden retriever dog is a medium breed. According to the breed standard, the height withers in males is between 56 and 61 centimeters. The females, somewhat smaller, reach a height of between 51 and 56 centimeters. Depending on the sex and size, these dogs can weigh between 30 and 40 kilos.
Differences between a line of work and exposure
As with other breeds, there are two breeding lines of the golden retriever. Each of them has its objectives in terms of internal and external characteristics.
The line of work ( field trial ) is characterized by an athletic and slender build. The specimens of this line are very temperamental and have a strong hunting instinct. They also have a high disposition for learning. This line is the one that most closely resembles the initial breeding goal of the golden retriever.
On the other hand, the show line is mainly oriented to the external appearance. These dogs have a more compact build and a much lighter coat. Also, they tend to have longer and thicker hair compared to those in the line of work.
There are also character differences. As the name show already suggests, the animals in this line are calmer and more relaxed. This does not mean that they do not like to exercise and play sports. Of course, they are more suitable for families than those of the line of work.
Character: faithful whirlwind and willing to learn
Like almost no other dog, the golden retriever is famous for its obedience. He wants people to like him and enjoys learning things. He adapts very well to everyday situations and loves to participate in all the activities of his caregivers.
Those who have one joke that a golden dog would help an intruder remove valuables from the house rather than kick him out. Indeed, his protective instinct, if he has one, is very rudimentary. Therefore, he is not at all suitable as a guard dog.
On the other hand, his desire to work and intelligence make him a fabulous guide, therapist, and assistance dog. Combined with his keen sense of smell and his innate hunting instinct, these qualities mean that he is also used as a rescue, anti-drug, and anti-explosive dog.
One more extraordinary energy of the brilliant retriever is eating. Compared to other breeds, these dogs have a huge appetite for just about anything put in front of them. Unfortunately, this makes them often overweight. For this reason, make sure that you give him the correct diet from puppyhood and that you strictly comply with the recommended amounts.
Care: a furry affair throughout the year
The wonderful hair of the golden retriever requires all your attention. Not only does it lose hair during the shedding period, but all the time, to a greater or lesser extent. That’s why you must brush it once or twice a week. Not only will you detangle the undercoat, but you will reduce the amount of hair on the carpet, cushions, and sofa.
In addition to the hair, your furry’s eyes, ears, legs, and teeth also require routine checks. Get him used to these inspections as a puppy. On the one hand, you will detect possible changes faster and, on the other, the procedure will be more relaxed.
Coexistence: does a golden retriever fit me?
The golden retriever dog is an animal very attached to people and one of the favorite dogs for families. His kind, calm, confident, and playful character makes him the star dog for families with children. It is also capable of coexisting with other domestic animals.
However, due to its size and dynamism, it is not very suitable for living in a small apartment. The ideal would be to have it in a house with a garden. It is also unthinkable that he lives in a kennel or leaves him alone for a long time since he is very sensitive. Make him participate in your routine and invest enough time in his physical and mental activity.
Exercise: a demanding breed
Like all hunting dogs, the Golden Retriever is very dynamic and therefore requires a lot of training. Monotonous daily walks are not enough. These intelligent dogs not only need to be tested physically but also mentally.
In addition, to fetch and fetch drills, there are several ideal sports and courses for the golden retriever. For example, obedience, agility, lure training, man trailing, and lifesaving activities are very popular.
In addition, these dogs love water and appreciate bathing in a stream, a lake, or in the sea. One of the activities they like the most is swimming there are no options close to home, they settle for a puddle of water from a garden hose.
Hereditary diseases of the golden retriever
In the 1980s and 1990s, the golden retriever experienced an unprecedented boom. Today it is still one of the preferred breeds in the Anglo-Saxon and German-speaking world.
Unfortunately, this boom had many negative consequences. Some wanted to make a quick buck with these sweet puppies. They dedicated themselves to mating the dogs without planning anything or taking into account their character and health. As a consequence, some typical diseases of the breed appeared that some specimens continue to suffer from today.
Attempts are being made to reduce the risk of these diseases with specific breeding selection and strict admission requirements. These hereditary diseases continue to affect the golden retriever with relative frequency:
- Hip dysplasia
- elbow dysplasia
- Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
- hereditary cataracts
However, healthy specimens have a fairly high life expectancy, between twelve and sixteen years. If you choose a golden dog from a good breeder, you will enjoy your furry for many years.
Buying advice: only from recognized breeders
If you are interested in buying a puppy, you must check if the breeder has carried out all the necessary health checks. Ask for the genealogical table and visit him at his house to see the state of health of the parents and siblings. Buy a puppy only from a reputable breeder and take your time to choose it well.
The price of a healthy puppy from a serious breeder can be 2000 euros or more. However, this price is more than reasonable for a dog that will accompany your family for so many years. When you receive it, it will already have a chip, it will be dewormed several times, and, depending on its age, it will have at least one vaccination.
It is also worth asking at the animal shelters in the area. Sometimes there are not only older golden retrievers here but also puppies.
Conclusion: a faithful companion for active people
A golden retriever is a life companion very attached to people and eager to learn. He wants to participate in everything and is always ready to have fun. Staying all day alone on the sofa or lying on the little bed does not go with his character.
With a thoughtful puppy selection, you and your golden retriever will enjoy many adventurous years together.