What Is A Fox? Species, Habitat, Behavior & Facts

What is a Fox Species, Habitat, Behavior & Facts

Foxes or vulpines are known as a group of quadrupedal mammals of the Canidae family, characterized by being agile, fast solitary hunters, considered in the culture of different regions of the world as an image of crafty and enthusiasm.

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Around 27 types of foxes are known, appropriately assembled into four unique genera:

  • Vulpes (European foxes)
  • Fennecus (fences)
  • Otocyon (eared foxes or options)
  • Urocyon (American foxes)

However, it is normal for the name “fox” to be given to canids of other various genera, types of wild canines that share specific physical or conduct qualities with the fox.

Foxes are animals with an abundant population throughout the world, which can even become a plague in the regions where they were artificially introduced, as happened in Australia, where they were imported during the nineteenth 100 years fully intent on controlling rodents. in farming fields. In this manner, they have been answerable for the annihilation of types of hares and rodents.

They are wild animals and suspicious of human presence, frequently hunted to use their fur to make coats, to the point that many species are in danger of extinction by human hands. Simultaneously, others have been tamed through specific rearing.

Characteristics of foxes

Foxes are quite intelligent animals. They have a morphology that allows them to be good hunters, fast and effective, in addition, in times of famine they do not hesitate to take advantage of the assemblages of dead creatures they find, they have even been seen eating human waste, so they are shrewd creatures. They can hunt prey larger than themselves, but their preferred food is rodents. They can also eat wild fruits or insects. They are nocturnal, so they become active at nightfall.

A wide range of foxes are like canines, yet they have conduct qualities that separate them from them. For example, foxes don’t bark and dogs do. On the other hand, they are solitary animals, unlike dogs or other canids that live in packs.

The biggest threat to foxes is humans, who hunt them for their fur, entertainment, or supposedly to control the population.

As a general rule, foxes are portrayed by the accompanying:

  • They are canids (creatures like canines), that is, quadrupedal vertebrates with a long nose and a pretty much bristly body and a medium-sized tail, however in contrast to canines they have enormous, pointed ears and a slim, rakish nose.
  • They are smaller in the body than other members of the canid family (such as dogs, wolves, and coyotes), and their fur varies in color and abundance according to the habitat to which they are adapted. The icy fox, for instance, has thick, thick, white fur, while the normal fox tends to have long, less thick, ruddy fur.
  • They have very sharp senses of smell and hearing, which allow them to be great hunters while being very elusive animals in the face of possible predators or rivals.
  • · Unlike other canids, they are solitary animals that come together to reproduce and then regain their independence.
  • Domesticated specimens have shown behaviors similar to those of the common dog, such as wagging their tails, licking their owners, and responding to the call of their name.

Fox feeding

The fox is for the most part omnivorous, that is, it benefits from anything. Nonetheless, its propensities are those of a tracker or hunter.

They utilize their fine feeling of smell and hearing to distinguish little rodents, bugs, scorpions, eggs, and little birds, yet can likewise benefit from natural products, seeds, and grains.

In conditions proximity to humans, foxes will eat from abandoned pet food to garbage and farm birds such as chickens or pigeons.

Fox habitat

The fox is the most generally dispersed creature species on the planet, after the human. It is known on all mainlands, adjusted to the particular states of its wild environment.

However, the most well-known species favor mild environments like Europe, portions of Asia and North Africa, or the greater part of North America.

On account of Australia, the fox was presented by people and spread quickly across the landmass, frequently harming neighborhood environmental specialties.

Fox life cycle

In the wild, most foxes can live somewhere in the range of 5 and 7 years, managing their normal hunters: enormous flying predators like birds or bigger canines such as coyotes or bobcats.

In bondage, then again, foxes can surpass 12 years of life, however, their taming is generally troublesome and hazardous much of the time.

How do foxes reproduce?

Like all well-evolved creatures, foxes imitate physically and viviparously. They may establish monogamous, long-standing relationships, or they may be polygamous, continually exchanging reproductive partners.

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The heat of the females lasts between 3 days and 3 weeks, and they present a gestation of around 52 days and have between 4 and 5 cubs per litter. Birthing occurs deep in a den or burrows that foxes can dig at the foot of trees and on other soft ground, or even in the warm, enclosed spaces of human buildings.

fox reproduction

Like all warm-blooded creatures, the fox recreates physically, during the mating season which is generally in winter. As they don’t live in packs, foxes typically walk alone or two by two, since they are monogamous.

Its growth period endures between seven to about two months, toward the finish of which the female brings forth a normal of 5 whelps, as a rule in a tunnel attacked and adjusted by foxes to shield themselves from the cold (since foxes don’t sleep).

The fledglings stay there for around five weeks, until they arise with their folks in the mid-year, to be focused on and taught in the chase, until in the autumn, completely grown-up and autonomous, they set out on their way.

What do foxes eat?

They are omnivorous mammals, they are opportunistic carnivores, belonging to the canid family and are represented by 27 species around the world. These animals are also often called foxes in some countries. The diet of foxes is as diverse as their habitat and hunting abilities will allow, concentrating mainly on small rodents and birds.

feeding of the foxes

The ability to consume any type of food gives the fox an advantage over the strict carnivores with which it shares its habitat. The diet of the fox is diverse, which allows them to inhabit different habitats with minimal adaptations.

 They feed on:

  • Rabbits.
  • Squirrels
  • Mice.
  • Small birds.

It feeds on seasonal fruits such as grapes and uses its memory to return to the areas where they are found just in a season where the plants are loaded with these sweet delicacies.

Foxes also consume insects such as beetles and grasshoppers, worms such as earthworms, and some spiders.

These mammals will feed on anything that passes in front of them, this attitude has allowed them to survive for thousands of years and has allowed them to dominate environments where other canines are no longer found.

In the case of foxes that live in the vicinity of urban or rural areas, they have adapted to a scavenging diet where they consume all the human waste they can find in addition to domestic animals.

If the situation is extreme, a male fox will kill fox pups for food, however, this behavior is uncommon. Foxes hunt when the opportunity presents itself, if they are not hungry they will bury their prey until appetite compels them to eat.

Feeding a predator at home

Currently, more and more often you can see unusual animals in people, including predators. Of course, it is recommended to keep predatory animals in the house at a young age. A wild fox can be kept at home, but the necessary conditions for a normal life must be created. You should even pay attention to the nutrition of the predator.

  • Keep the fox in an aviary. . Keeping a predator in an apartment is less convenient than in a private house. This will require a huge enclosure where the fox can play. For the toilet, you need a litter box. To acclimate a fox to such a plate won’t be troublesome. It is important to let the fox out of the enclosure, basically when the proprietor is at home.

It is better to feed dogs with high-quality food, and for a change, you need to pamper the predator with berries and fruits. But do not forget that the fox is also a predator, you can feed it with chicken offal and cartilage.

  • It is forbidden to feed the foxes with raw fish and bones. . The little foxes are usually fed milk or milk products. But having such an animal at home, one should be careful about its behavior, which can be completely unpredictable, and sometimes dangerous even for the owner.

Accordingly, the eating regimen of the fox is very different. It depends on the nature and living conditions, as well as the season. Someone thinks that a fox can only eat meat, however, in addition to the main diet, she can eat more fruits and berries.

Sometimes you may be surprised at the number of stereotypes associated with various animals that surround us in life. It is generally accepted that the dirtiest animal is the pig, the most cowardly is the hare, and the fox eats only chickens and rabbits.

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But if you look at all these animals a little, you can make sure that our ideas about them do not always correspond to reality. In all these cases, there is a fixation on a single behavioral method, which then, for some reason, spreads to the entire lifestyle of this or that animal in the form of a stable opinion. Among such situational generalizations, there is one: the fox lives in an opening.

No, we will not say now that the foxes build cabins for themselves deep in the forest, walk on their hind legs and confuse the poor bunnies with human voices, luring them into their red nets. Such foxes live in youngsters’ fantasies, and we will leave them there. We will try to find out the location of the fox, using the observations of scientists and professional hunters.

fox diet

What does the fox eat? Although it belongs to the predators, its diet is very abundant. Of course, the base is meat. A predator’s diet can include more than 300 different small mammals, rodents, and birds. The fox’s diet depends on the time of year and its habitat.

  • What do foxes eat in winter? ? The most attractive type of food at this time of year is rodents. Most often, the family of voles. Fox hunting for rodents resembles cat hunting. The fox also applies the surprise effect, having tracked down the victim, it attacks it without a chance. This process is called mouseover.

In winter, the fox carefully checks forest plantations and river banks for a bird, it can also eat carrion. Birds are caught both small and large. It doesn’t go through eggs and chicks. In the forest belt, the predator loves to eat hares, if it finds a hare hole, it destroys the entire family of hares. Having found a roe deer, it will not pass either. Indeed, close to private structures, she isn’t loath to investigate the chicken coop.

  • This is such a rich diet. fox food even in the winter time of the year.

What does a fox eat in spring and summer? At this time of year, the predator eats quite a lot, because at this time it has its cubs. At the end of March the puppies are born, for a month and a half they feed on mother’s milk. Usually, 5-6 foxes are bor+0n. At the end of April, they already start to play and come out of their holes. Mom and dad at this time are already beginning to pamper their children with live food. During the cub feeding period, foxes can also hunt larger birds – swans. Rodents are brought to fox whelps to foster their energy for hunting.

Notwithstanding its primary food, the fox can eat wild berries and organic products. As a rule, foxes living in the southern regions resort to this.

Fox food in the desert is different. Here the hunter can likewise eat reptiles, scarabs, hatchlings, and night crawlers. Often catches dead fish from reservoirs.

  • In the taiga, the foxes have a hard time because there is not much food in this place. The basis of the diet is made up of small rodents and birds.

Features

The fur and size of the fox can vary depending on its habitat, however, some characteristics that they have in common are:

  • Snout elongated and fine.
  • Life expectancy is between 5 and 7 years in the wild, more than 12 in captivity.
  • Thick tail.
  • Those that live in arctic areas have thick fur and short ears, and those that live in warm areas have large ears and sparse fur.
  • They do not live in packs.

Where do foxes live?

Foxes are canids that live in specific areas. They can be found in all areas of North America. In the USA the only areas where they are not found are Texas and Alaska.

In Canada, it is found in abundance. There are large populations of foxes in Canada so they are being driven out by humans. In winter they are hunted.

Australia

Foxes were introduced by man to parts of Australia around 1870 and have thrived here. They interfere with livestock and agriculture. Its ability to live in hot and cold environments allows for wide distribution.

They usually live in areas close to human beings, so it is not strange that there are foxes in some cities. This animal can adapt to life in the city and to being surrounded by people. They consume garbage and enter gardens and agricultural areas.

Where do they take refuge?

They usually hide in caves, but they are so cunning that they can use any place to hide and protect themselves. In the wild, they use old trees or dig burrows under the ground.

In the case of living in urban environments, they can be found in garages, basements, and even dig burrows in houses and patios.

They are active at night and hide in their burrow during the day. During the day and if they live in the vicinity of urban environments, they can be seen during the day stealing food from domestic animals.

What does a fox eat and who does it hurt?

The red fox is a predator, so its diet is suitable: small animals, rodents, hares, destroying the nests of grouse and geese, hunting roe deer cubs, not disdaining carrion, various insects, and beetles.

Indeed, homegrown chickens and hens, when the fox figures out how to get into the chicken coop, become scrumptious prey.”

The most interesting thing is that foxes often exterminate various cereals, in particular oats, when there is no way to get to any meat, causing significant damage to crops.

It is not for nothing that the fox is called cunning, it has a large number of different paths to hunting and catching prey.

The fox simply pushes the hedgehog into the water so that it opens up and can be grabbed by the stomach, where there are no needles. Mice, ground squirrels, and other rodents are easily identified by sound and pulled out from under the snow in winter. In general, mice are a well-known fox delicacy, and in some regions, the population of common faces depends directly on the number of rodents.

Foxes hunt geese in pairs, while one fox distracts a gaping goose, the second quickly attacks the prey. The fox can adapt to the habits of whatever animal he has planned for dinner.

Foxes hunt throughout the day when they find prey, but of course, the night is the prime time for fishing.

When a fox walks in the snow, it puts its hind legs strictly in the footprint of the front ones, forming a kind of chain.

Foxes that live near rivers are happy to eat fish, often caught during spawning or in shallow water.

In total, the diet of the red fox includes some four hundred species of animals and several dozen species of plants. Foxes living in the desert are content with the meat of various snakes and lizards.

How the red fox reproduces and has offspring

Common fox pups are born in most cases in mid-spring. When the foxes plan to have offspring, they dig a deep hole, although if they find it ready, they immediately occupy it.

As a rule, a female fox gives birth to four to twelve cubs, as the cubs are also called. The gestation period of the fox lasts six to eight weeks, and after the foxes are born, the red-haired mother feeds them milk for a month and a half.

Little foxes look like wolf pups, they can only be distinguished by the white tip of the tail. Pups fully mature at the age of two, and have become adults, they begin to hunt and kill prey on their own.

“Red foxes foster stable wedded matches, and the male is straightforwardly engaged with raising the posterity.”

red fox enemies

The fundamental warriors of the red fox were and are trackers who, for wonderful and costly fur, kill a colossal number of foxes, which has an irreversible impact on the number of inhabitants of these delightful creatures in numerous areas.

And in the forest, the fox competes for prey and, of course, is at odds with the wolves and other large animals.

Where is the fox house?

Forever, foxes fabricate a cave in an open spot, in the grass, or in the snow. A fox digs a hole himself or can dislodge some animal, a polar fox, or a badger.

The burrow has several entrances with underground wells for a possible escape in case of danger. The old fox has several holes in different places, where he takes refuge in case of imminent danger.

Mostly foxes are found on five continents:

  • Africa,
  • Eurasia,
  • Australia,
  • North and South America.

The color of a fox depends on its habitat. So, on the steppe, you can meet a yellow-gray fox, in the north – red. Fox fur for a long time. it is valued and considered the most beautiful, so predators began to be bred even on farms.

Types of Foxes

All foxes belong to the family Canidae, so they are closely related to other canids, such as dogs, jackals, or wolves. Depending on where they live on the planet, their morphology and appearance change, as well as their behavior, although in general, they have similar characteristics.

Do you want to know what types of foxes exist, where they live and how they behave? Continue reading this Best Pets Lover article, you will discover fascinating curiosities.

  • Desert fox ( Vulpes zerda )
  • Common fox or red fox ( Vulpes vulpes )
  • polar Zorro ( Vulpes lagopus )
  • Zorro cangrejero (Cerdocyon thous)
  • Zorro kit ( Fox macrotis )
  • Speedy Zorro ( Vulpes velox)Pampas fox ( Lycalopex gymnocercus )

How many types of foxes are there?

What number of sorts of foxes are there on the planet? The truth is that throughout history more than 20 different types of foxes have been discovered, although some of them are already extinct. Thus, according to data provided by The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, there are currently around 13 species, some of which are still unknown. However, below we will talk about the 6 most prominent and researched types of foxes.

Common fox or red fox (Vulpes vulpes)

The red fox or normal fox is the most well-known of the fox species. It receives this name because of its reddish-orange fur, which can sometimes appear brown. The fur industry has been the reason the red fox has been hunted and hunted for many, many years.

Common fox or red fox

They have a nearly global distribution. We can find them throughout the northern hemisphere, in mountains, plains, forests, beaches, and even deserts or icy areas. On the southern side of the equator we can likewise see examples, yet at the same not quite as numerous as in the north. In the 19th century, they were introduced to Australia and today they continue to thrive there, being a problem for the local fauna.

They are solitary animals, only coming together during the breeding season that takes place during the winter months. Parenting is carried out by both parents, the male being in charge of bringing food to the female.

Area: The fox is quite widespread, living in almost all of Europe, Asia, North America, and North Africa. Acclimatized in Australia. Some researchers believe that the United States has a special related species ( V fulvus ), others consider it only a subspecies of the red fox.

Description: The red fox has a slender, elegant, slightly elongated body on low legs. The common fox is about the size of a small dog, and of its total length, about 40 percent is a furry tail. They have a slim nose, with white fur on the upper lip, and a few people have dark tear marks. The common fox is larger than other representatives of the genus, but the color and size are large. geographic variability. In general, foxes become larger and brighter to the north, and smaller and duller in color to the south. There are 14-15 subspecies in Europe, with more than 25 subspecies known for the rest of the range.

Adult foxes begin to molt in February – March (in the north – in March – April) and finally put on summer fur in midsummer. Almost immediately, the winter coat begins to develop, maturing during November and December. The fox’s summer coat is sparse and short, in which it appears slim, large-headed, and even long-legged.

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Color: In most cases, the color of the fox’s back is bright red, with an indistinct dark pattern, the belly is white but sometimes black. Its belly is white, gray, or slightly brownish, its chest is pale. The shading of the back and sides change in better places from radiant red to dark.

In the northern regions with harsh climatic conditions black brown and other melanistic forms of coloration are more common. Sivodushki, krestovki, and silver foxes are ordinary foxes with deviations from the normal color. The most beautiful black-brown fur. Such foxes have for some time been reared on fur cultivates and are called silver-dark.

In nature, there is one more kind of fox shading – moth. She has red-orange fur with a fiery glow. If you shake it, it seems that the flame is swinging. Moths are most often found in Kamchatka, less often in Yakutia and other regions of northeastern Siberia. And very rarely – in the European part of Russia. And the quality of the skins of European moths is much lower than that of Yakut and Kamchatka, which at fur auctions often displaced their better silver-black relatives. Here and there unadulterated white pale-skinned person foxes are conceived.

The remarkable diversity of color and size of the fox is associated with the vastness of its distribution area and the great differences in the conditions of existence of its parts.

Size: body length 60-90 cm, tail – 40-60 cm, shoulder level: 35-40 cm

Weight: from 6 to 10 kg.

Life expectancy: IN the wild foxes seldom live over seven years, while in bondage they satisfy 20-25 years.

During heat or in a state of excitement, the fox emits a fairly loud and abrupt bark, like a howl. Animals that are fighting or angry shriek piercingly. By the voices one can distinguish a male from a female: thus the female makes a triple “flight” and ends it with a short howl, while the male does not have this howl, but barks more and more, like a dog.

Habitat: The fox inhabits all landscapes and geographical areas, from tundra and forests to steppes and deserts, including mountains. red fox prefers open areas, as well as those areas where there are separate groves, copses, as well as hills, and ravines, especially if in winter the snow cover there is not too deep and loose. She avoids only the deaf taiga, snowy regions, and deserts, therefore, on the territory of our country, most foxes live in the forest-steppe, steppes, and foothills of the European and Asian parts.

At the same time, the fox is found not only in nature but also in cultural landscapes, including the immediate vicinity of towns and cities, including large ones. and industrial centers. Also, sometimes in the area dominated by man, the fox finds a particularly favorable environment for himself. So, in some parts of England, they completely dominated vast agricultural lands, along with settlements, and began to “populate” the cities, even living in the center of huge London! They live in parks, feed close to landfills, and make openings under different structures.

Due to its filth in Birmingham, foxes began to bother people with unsanitary conditions, forcing the city veterinary service with the help of hunters to catch more than a hundred foxes and take them to remote forests, but it turned out that after time they started. return to the city in the chosen places.

Enemies: FOR natural enemies foxes can be attributed to wolves that live in the same territory and some other large predators. Previously, hunters killed foxes in large numbers to prevent natural foci of fox rabies. However, the widespread use of the oral vaccine in both North America and Europe has eliminated the need for such drastic measures as the mass killing of foxes.

Food: The fox, although it belongs to the typical predators, eats a wide variety of foods. Among the foods it eats, there are more than 300 species of animals alone, not counting several dozen species of plants. However, despite everything, the basis of its diet is small rodents, mainly mice and voles, which together make up about three-quarters of its diet.

Larger mammals, in particular hares, play an incomparably smaller role, although in some cases they are caught by foxes. Sometimes foxes attack small roe deer cubs. Birds in the fox’s eating routine are not so significant as rodents, albeit the hunter won’t ever botch a valuable chance to get any of them on the ground (from the smallest to the largest – geese, grouse, etc.), and also destroy the clutch and chicks.

In the southern regions of Europe, foxes often feed on reptiles; in him the Far East living near rivers, they feed Salmon that died after spawning; in shallow waters, they catch fish, and crayfish, and on the beach, they collect all kinds of marine emissions: from mollusks to large mammals. IN the summer months almost everywhere, foxes willingly eat many beetles and other insects. After the rains, collect worms in abundance.

Finally, during the pestilence of hares, their carcasses and all kinds of carrion are eaten, and in times of famine, various garbage. vegetable feed- fruits, fruits, berries, less often vegetative parts of plants – are part of the food of almost all foxes. Finding an unharvested soybean field, he feeds on it.

In general, the nature of nutrition and species composition feeding varies greatly not only in different geographic areas but also between individuals from adjacent populations inhabiting disparate habitats.

Behavior: Foxes usually hunt at dusk and night, during the day they can be seen more frequently in winter and even in summer when the pups are growing. At this time, the fox uses burrows, while the rest prefer to rest in an open place, under the eversion, in a ravine, in a haystack. The behavior of old and young foxes is not very different, except that the young are timider and less experienced in taking big game. If there are a lot of mice, they hunt more often at night and dawn. After eating, at dawn, they go to the forests, densely overgrown ravines, and other secluded places, where they rest all day.

If fields and meadows, rich in mouse-like rodents, are located several kilometers from the forest, then many foxes, especially young ones, lie down for a day in the meadows, choosing for this a small mound near a lonely bush. . Before going to bed, the redhead dodges a lot and sometimes jumps to the side, forcing herself to jump onto the grass or another place where she can’t immediately find her trail.

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Having reached the place of lying, the fox first sits down like a statue, carefully examining the surrounding area. After making sure it’s safe, and circling in place, it will curl up and lie down with its nose toward the runway, its tail covering its abdomen, legs, and even its head. After a while, he will raise his head, you will listen and look around again. After repeating this operation several times, he finally falls asleep. In the forest, the fox lies down in a clearing, a mound, and also in such a way that it has an overview.

His usual form of movement is a leisurely trot. A calmly walking fox follows a straight line, leaving a clear chain of footprints in the snow. Often the fox takes a step, stops, and looks around. Despite the short legs, the fox runs very fast and quickly leaves the pursuer with great leaps, a gallop, or lying on the ground and stretching out its tail, something that not all dogs can catch up with. As for dexterity, it successfully catches insects that fly over it. When it hides prey, it completely merges with the ground and, as it were, crawls on its belly.

Summary 

The common fox or red fox ( Vulpes vulpes ) is a well-known species of mammal, belonging to the Canidae family, with a Holarctic distribution, although it was also introduced to Australia in the 19th century. It is a silent and very cautious animal that hunts mainly at night. During the day it remains hidden in the bushes or its burrows, dug in dry and hidden places, often among rocks, grassy ravines, and thickets.

Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus)

The arctic fox is known for its spectacular pristine white winter fur. As an inquisitive reality about this kind of fox, we can say that the shade of its jacket becomes brown during the warm months when the snow melts and the earth emerges.

They are appropriated all through the North Pole, from Canada to Siberia, being one of only a handful of exceptional creatures that get by at such low temperatures. Its body is prepared to maintain body heat, thanks to its thick skin and very thick hair that covers even the paw pads.

Since there are not many creatures where this fox resides, it takes full advantage of any asset. He can hunt the animals that live under the snow without even seeing them. Their most normal prey are lemmings, however, they can likewise eat seals or fish.

The breeding season lasts practically the whole year, except for July and August. These animals are also solitary, but once a couple of mates for the first time they will always do so every season, until one of the two dies, making them one of the most faithful animals to their partner.

Region: Arctic

Destinations: Bear Island, Greenland, Svalbard, Iceland

Name: Arctic fox, (also white fox, snow fox, or polar fox) (Vulpes Lagopus)

Length : 75 to 100 cm

Weight: 2 to 5 kg

Distribution: Arctic

Conservation Status: Least Concern

Diet: Small animals, carrion, fish, birds, berries, algae, insects, eggs, and small invertebrates.

Appearance: Arctic foxes are white in winter and in summer they usually have gray-brown backs, yellowish sides, and a brown belly with white markings. About 3% of arctic foxes are charcoal throughout the year and are known as “blue foxes”, although in Svalbard it can be as high as 10%. This type was especially valuable to historical trappers.

What are arctic fox mating rituals like?

The breeding season for the arctic fox runs from February to April, when it mates in monogamous pairs. Pairs dig new burrows or settle in existing ones. 

These lairs typically contain a long network of tunnels covering up to 1,000 square meters (3,280 square feet). The gestation of the arctic fox lasts about 52 days, after which litters of 5 to 10 pups, called “kits”, are born. 

Both the mother and father help raise the young. The pups first emerge from their burrows a month after birth and are weaned off their mother’s milk after another four to five weeks.

How long do arctic foxes live?

Arctic foxes typically live three to six years in the wild, although a 16-year-old individual was once recorded in Longyearbyen. Mortality in its first year can reach 75%.

How many arctic foxes are there today?

There is no solid estimate of the arctic fox population, although it is believed to be in the hundreds of thousands. Their population fluctuates based on the availability of food sources, especially the lemming population. 

Do arctic foxes have any predators?

Gray wolves were traditionally the top predator of arctic foxes, but due to global warming, the territories of arctic foxes and red foxes are overlapping, posing a new and growing threat to arctic foxes. 

Arctic foxes were also hunted by fur trappers for their luxurious, warm fur. Seven Fascinating Facts About Arctic Foxes

  • Arctic foxes have some of the warmest mammalian furs in the world.
  • Their legs are short and stubby, keeping them low to the ground and out of the cold arctic winds.
  • Arctic foxes have small noses, eyes, and ears as an extra precaution against the cold.
  • They have fur on the bottom of their feet, which prevents them from slipping on ice.
  • Arctic foxes are so well adapted to the cold that they can withstand temperatures as low as -50°C (-58°F) before their metabolism kicks into gear to heat their body.
  • It is the smallest member of the canid family found in the wilds of Canada.
  • Arctic fox burrows can have dozens of entrances and sometimes harbor generations of foxes.

Speedy Zorro (Vulpes velox)

The swift fox may slightly remind us of the red fox since its fur is also orange but in a more brownish tone. In addition, it has some black and yellow spots, its body is lighter, and it is small in size, similar to a cat.

It is distributed throughout North America, both the United States and Canada. It is a creature of the desert and fields, where it grows well indeed. The reproducing season incorporates the cold weather months and part of the spring. It is the females that defend a territory and the males visit these territories only during the mating season; once the young are independent the male will leave.

Life expectancy in the wild is somewhat longer than that of other foxes, being approximately 6 years.

Desert fox (Vulpes zerda)

The desert fox, also known as the fennec fox, has a very distinctive face, with very small eyes and exaggeratedly large ears. This anatomy is a consequence of the place where it lives, the deserts. Enormous ears take into consideration more prominent inside heat delivery and body cooling to keep up with the ideal internal heat level. It is very light beige or cream, which helps it to camouflage itself well in its environment.

It is distributed throughout North Africa, inhabiting the Sahara desert, we can also find them in Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia. Like the other sorts of foxes that exist, it has nighttime propensities, it benefits from rodents, bugs, and birds. It can drink, but it doesn’t need to, as it gets all the water it needs from its prey.

It repeats during the long periods of March and April, and the parental consideration of the youthful is completed by both the female and the male.

Origin of the desert fox

The fennec, whose scientific name is Vulpes zerda, is native to Arabia and Africa. Its name refers to its condition as a desert fox, however, some specialists suggest that it also has its meaning, being able to be translated as “cunning fox”. Regardless, both statements are true, since it is a very intelligent animal, with high cognitive abilities, which lives in a desert climate.

Features of the fennec

The fennec belongs to the Canidae family, shared with the wolf or the coyote, being the canids smaller in size. In this way, its weight is generally between 1 kilo and 1.5 kilos, introducing a level at the shrivels of a limit of 21 centimeters and a body between 35 and 41 centimeters long. Its long tail has a thicker fur with which it can be warm on cold nights by curling up in it.

The head of the fennec is small, however, they have large and disproportionate ears that measure between 10 and 15 centimeters. Given the little components of this fox, we should comprehend that it is an impressively huge size. In addition, the ears allow it to have highly developed hearing and even regulate its body temperature. It has a short and thin snout, as well as dark eyes.

Its fur is sand-colored, with light tones on the belly and head and darker on the back and tail, this pattern allows it to blend in with the environment, formed by dunes of golden sand.

desert fox habitat

These desert foxes inhabit regions of Africa and Arabia, particularly areas of the Sahara desert and the Sinai Peninsula.

It is in these places where they build their burrows, which they locate in fixed dunes or open spaces digging in the sand and creating numerous accesses to them through tunnels. These are incredibly long, with burrows up to 10 meters deep and more than 120 square meters in area, and in many cases, these caves are interconnected, creating networks that allow passage from one cave to another belonging to another member of the group.

Thanks to these burrows, fennec foxes can protect themselves from extreme weather conditions and phenomena such as sand storms. They are nocturnal animals, so at dawn, they take refuge in these caves until night falls again, at which time they go out to hunt.

feeding of the fennec

The fennec is an omnivorous creature, which chases its prey alone because, although they are entirely agreeable, they are likewise autonomous and independent. Their diet is based on the consumption of small animals such as lobsters or grasshoppers, birds, lizards, rodents, or eggs. It also usually supplements its diet with leaves, roots, and even fruits, which allows it to stay hydrated and can survive in the absence of water for very long periods.

desert fox reproduction

The fennec will be sexually mature at 9 months of age and when it chooses a mate it maintains it for life as a monogamous animal. The reproductive season of the desert foxes begins at the same time that the year begins, taking place in January and February, consisting of a population that can last more than 2 hours.

Gestation lasts between 50 and 52 days, after which a litter of 1 to 4 cubs is born inside a burrow. At first, the puppies have their eyes closed and their ears folded, but at 10 days of age their eyes open. The mother feeds them with breast milk for 61-70 days, and from that moment on, they already begin to consume solid foods.

Is it okay to have a desert fox as a pet?

Best Pets Lover does not recommend keeping the fennec fox as a pet, due to its specific needs in terms of climate, behavior, and food. We must know that it is not a domestic animal, therefore, living with humans in urban areas that do not allow it to carry out its natural behaviors, regular of the species, can cause an incline toward the presence of different well-being and conduct issues.

Zorro gris (Urocyon cinereoargenteus)

Despite their name, these foxes are not dark, their fur substitutes high contrast hairs that give the presence of dimness. Moreover, behind their ears, we can see a ruddy tone. It is one of the biggest fox species.

They are distributed throughout almost the entire American continent, from Canada to Venezuela. One of the most striking features of this species of fox is that it can climb trees thanks to its strong and sharp claws. Also, you can swim. These two characteristics give the dark fox an extraordinary limit in hunting. In this way, it usually pursues its prey for long distances, driving them towards the water, where it will be easier to hunt them.

The breeding season is centered on the warmer months of the year. At the point when two dim foxes mate, they will mate forever.

Zorro kit (Vulpes macrotis)

The kit fox looks a bit different from other types of foxes. It has a very thin and slender body, reddish-gray in color, with a black tip of the tail and large ears. It is the littlest type of fox.

It is distributed throughout arid prairie areas of the southwestern United States and Mexico. A curiosity about this fox is that it is both a nocturnal and a diurnal animal, so it has a greater variety of prey than other species of foxes that only feed at night.

Their breeding season is focused on October and November. In this species, the reproducing pair might mate for quite some time or change each season. The female will take care of and feed the cubs, while the male is in charge of getting the food.

Grey Fox

With the scientific name Lycalopex griseus, it is a South American species of canids very similar to European foxes, although they do not belong to the same scientific family.

Its environment covers the two sides of the Andean mountain range: Argentina and Chile; yet in addition to Bolivia and even Uruguay since they have likewise been found in the tremendous fields of Patagonia.

Its yellowish dim fur, with enormous white regions, is normal for the species.

Origin of the gray fox

The gray fox is native to the southern region of South America, being distributed from both sides of the Andes Mountains, between Argentina and Chile, to the central region of the South American Southern Cone, between Bolivia and Uruguay. It is also possible to find some specimens living in Peru, but much more scarcely. In Argentina, this species has a very wide distribution, concentrating mainly in the semi-arid areas of the center of the country, which includes the Pampas and Patagonian regions. But its population also lives in Argentine South Patagonia, extending to the province of Tierra del Fuego, from the Río Grande to the Atlantic coast.

On the Chilean side of the Andes, these canids are better known as chillas and live mainly in rural areas in the center and south of the country, from the Pacific coast to the Andes. The gray foxes were so representative and common in these areas that they gave the city of Chillán its name. In Chile, gray foxes have adapted better than elsewhere to living near urbanized areas, but hunting is still a major threat to their survival in this Andean country.

The gray fox is described for the first time in 1857 thanks to the investigations of the English naturalist, zoologist, and botanist John Edward Gray. As he found these canids similar to Old World ” true foxes “, especially the red fox, Gray originally records them as Vulpes griseus. Several years later, the gray fox is transferred to the genus Lycalopex, to which other species of South American foxes belong, such as Darwin’s fox, the red fox, and the Pampas fox. But it is also possible to find the synonym Pseudalopex griseus to refer to this species.

Gray Fox Behavior

Without a doubt, the most outstanding and curious trait of the behavior of the gray fox is its amazing ability to climb trees and other surfaces. This is the only species of fox in which this behavior has been observed, which helps it to escape from possible predators and have a privileged view of its habitat, also collaborating for better hunting.

Another characteristic hunting habit of gray foxes is that they often take advantage of their good performance in the water to drown their prey, preventing them from escaping. These canids are very good swimmers and can even use the water to cool off on warmer days.

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Speaking of hunting, the gray fox is an omnivorous animal that maintains a very varied diet in its habitat. As well as hunting their prey, which is generally little and medium-sized vertebrates and birds, these canids can likewise exploit the remains left by different hunters, and usually consume fruits to supplement their nutrition.

If it is in a time or region of scarce food, the gray fox can also behave as an opportunistic carnivore, capturing the eggs of other animals, and also hunting reptiles and arthropods. And when they adapt to living near cities and towns, they can attack poultry or take advantage of human food waste.

Reproduction of the gray fox

The breeding season for gray foxes usually occurs between August and October, beginning in late winter in the Southern Hemisphere. But the mating period can vary significantly depending on the habitat in which individuals live. These canids are monogamous and faithful to their partner, always finding the same one in each reproductive season until one of the two dies. Likewise, they usually spend a long time without mating until they feel ready to choose a new partner.

Like all canids, gray foxes are viviparous animals, that is, fertilization and development of the offspring take place inside the womb. The females experience a gestation period of 52 to 60 days, after which they usually give birth to litters of 4 to 7 puppies, which will be suckled until completing their 4 or 5 months of life. A few days before giving birth, the female will look for or build, with the help of the male, a kind of cave or burrow, in which she can be protected to give birth and take care of her young.

The male participates in the nursing and rearing of the cubs, bringing food to the burrow so that the female stays strong and healthy to feed the young, and helping to protect the shelter. The pups begin to leave the burrow and explore the outside environment shortly after their first month of life. But they will remain with their mothers until they are about 6 or 7 months old, and they will only reach sexual maturity after their first year of life.

Gray Fox Conservation Status

Despite being considered a species of “least concern” according to the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of Threatened Species, the population of gray foxes is declining alarmingly in the Pampas. and Patagonian from Argentina and Chile.

Hunting remains one of the main threats to the survival of the gray fox, as well as human intervention in ecosystems. With the advance of man in its habitat and the adaptation of the gray fox to the surroundings of urbanized areas, hunting has intensified mainly because small producers try to protect their poultry and sheep.

In addition, gray foxes have been hunted for several years for the sale of their fur, which has a high market value for making coats and other clothing. “Sport hunting” is another cruel and unnecessary practice that puts the conservation of this and many other South American species at risk.

Fortunately, a good part of the population of gray foxes in Chile and mainly in Argentina are already found in National Parks and other protected regions, where hunting is prohibited and their population does not interfere with the economic and subsistence activities of the local population.

Visiting Sister Fox

The fox is perhaps the most versatile creature that can undoubtedly adjust to practically any climate. In addition to the forest, they willingly settle in dried up and plowed swamps, in those places where they are engaged in cutting down forests and increasing planted areas. It’s no secret that in the old days in many countries of the world, foxes allowed themselves to meet large cities.

This habit has continued to this day: in Modern England, for example, foxes perfectly settled on vast agricultural land and began to settle in city parks. Foxes can be found even in central London, and a city like Birmingham has suffered long and hard from the filth that foxes have spread, and despite all the efforts of city authorities and volunteer hunters to catch foxes, they, even being taken out into the woods, still return to the city. Wherever the fox settles, it chooses open areas and landscapes that it likes for its residence.

And here we come to the main characteristic of foxes: foxes spend almost all their time in these open spaces. A fox lives in a hole only in two cases: when it raises young and when winter comes, that is, only a few months a year. At the same time, he prefers to use natural depressions in the ground, a hole under an uprooted tree or its roots, in a ravine, or in other people’s dwellings, often abandoned, for example, a badger hole. However, if there are no free holes in the area you have chosen, you have to dig your shelter on your own.

Since the fox pit is a temporary phenomenon, it is excavated where it can be done easily and simply: for example, on the slope of a ravine or hill with a predominance of sandy or sandy loam soil, in an old abandoned trench, mine, basin, even in an ordinary trench. The thresher hole is shallow and simply arranged, most often it has one entrance (rarely two) and is a straight passage without side holes, leading to the nesting chamber at a depth of about one meter.

If the fox digs the so-called. hatching (or brood) hole, where it breeds, then there are two or three networks in it, from which there are underground corridors up to ten meters long, connecting them with the already mentioned chamber. Through these noses, the fox can leave the haven in the event of peril. Such an opening is made close to some supply.

Indeed, even in the desert, foxes attempt to focus inside a range of eight to ten kilometers close to wells where travelers carry dairy cattle to drink, yet there have been cases when hunters found fox wells in an area completely without water, where The fox and its offspring quenched their thirst due to the moisture contained in the fat and tissues of the rodents.

In front of the hole entrance, there is usually a trampled area where the pups play. The fox does not make toilets and pollutes the entire space around the hole with its droppings and food scraps. It is fascinating that the male fox, who is a decent family man and thinks often about his better half,

Sometimes a fox digs not one hole, but a whole system of shelters, reaching several dozen and located not far from each other. In this way, it protects its breeding nest from various dangers, mainly from human persecution.

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As per the perceptions of researchers, the quantity of such openings is impacted by the “anthropogenic burden”, that is, the number of inhabitants in a given region by an individual and the frequency of his visits. If these “disturbance factors” are high enough, the foxes increase the number of guard holes, and their length, and change the usage system accordingly. If there are many natural shelters in the area chosen by the fox, the animal digs fewer holes, but actively and fully uses as many shelters created by nature as possible.

Two factors can limit the breeding of foxes: the lack of suitable places to create burrows and the lack of food in the territory chosen by them. In this case, in the world of foxes, the species regulates itself by creating so-called “family groups”, which are usually made up of one male and three or four females.

It is interesting that in such a family, the roles are strictly distributed among females: one or two females take part in reproduction, and the rest take care of the offspring and visit the breeding nest, but this season they do not have cubs. In autumn, when the young can get their food, the male leaves or is expelled from the “family”, leaving the females.

Although the fox has a poorly developed “sense of home”, it sometimes happens that for some reason, year after year, it returns to the hole that it once dug. If this happens, then your shelter is constantly expanding, renewing itself; the fox “finishes” additional “rooms”, which are located on two or three floors.

The nesting chamber in such burrows is already at a depth of up to three meters, and up to a dozen, networks can approach it. total length up to thirty or forty meters. Among hunters who know this type of hole well, they are called secular. The badger staying has a comparative design.

In any case, even in the incubating opening, the fox lives precisely as long as it takes for the whelps to develop. In autumn, when they are already adults, the fox comes out of the hole and uses it only in winter during heavy snowfalls, blizzards, and wet snow, and in case of danger, when it is being hunted. And then it becomes difficult to get the fox out of the hole.

How to get a fox out of a hole

Before you start pulling a fox out of a hole, you need to make sure that it is inside. If a fox hides in a hole, then the hunter is waiting not only for his device, which is often quite ingenious (especially when it comes to centuries-old nests or holes) but also for the same system of protective holes that we talked about. over.

And even considering the filth of the foxes, it can be extremely difficult to find a red beast in a pile of roosts scattered throughout their feeding range. In this sense, the experience of Canadian zoologists is interesting, who, when studying foxes in the province of Ontario, once used an ingenious way of looking for them in their refuges. It consisted of the following: in May-June, in those lands where the existence of a fox was supposed, They deposited the carcasses of freshly harvested marmots, having previously placed radio sensors in neutral plastic boxes in their chest cavities.

The foxes carried the treat along their burrows, thus revealing their location to the person. We understand that hunters in the post-Soviet world can hardly afford a radio sensor for a fox, so we report this only as an interesting fact – although, perhaps, this information will be useful to someone.

The paradox is that in the presence of quite a large number of ways to get a fox out of a hole, each of them has supporters and opponents. Some methods have not passed the test of time, others are not entirely legal, and others only serve certain cases and purposes… The only thing that all experienced hunters agree on is the opinion that if a fox has gotten into a hole, it is almost impossible to expel it or a very difficult last resort.

The most well-known answer to the issue is to smoke the fox with the assistance of a canine. The essence of the method is as follows: quietly and quietly sneak up to the hole, take the dog there, and just wait for the result. If the fox cannot discover the hunter and if the hole is not a dead-end, then, escaping from the dog, it will jump pretty quickly.

If it has been calculated, then the fight will go on for a long time. However, several hunters have recently abandoned this practice, motivating this with a series of compelling arguments. Fox hunting requires specially trained dogs of certain breeds (so-called “burrow dogs”), and it takes several years to train them, and it is not known how the dog will behave when in the same hole.

with a fox, It is entirely expected for a canine to bite the dust in the wake of being covered in an opening. Many believe, and not without reason, that by throwing a dog into a trench, they lose control of the situation, and the dog already becomes the owner of the situation and not the hunter, and this is fraught with harm in the fur and a host of other problems, to the point where the dog can strangle the fox in a hole and bury it there.

Some hunters blame the fact that when hunting with the help of a dog, a lot of time is spent with empty expectations while the dog pulls the fox out of the hole. There is a lot of debate about which dogs are best suited for the job – bloodhounds and dachshunds are traditionally considered the best,

but there are and not without reason, that by throwing a dog into a trench, they lose control of the situation, and the dog already becomes the owner of the situation and not the hunter, and this is fraught with skin damage and a host of other problems, to the point where the dog can strangle the fox in a hole and bury it there. Some hunters blame the fact that when hunting with the help of a dog, a lot of time is spent with empty expectations while the dog pulls the fox out of the hole.

There is a lot of debate about which dogs are best suited for the job: bloodhounds and dachshunds are traditionally considered the best, but there are and not without reason, that by throwing a dog into a trench, they lose control of the situation, and the dog already becomes the owner of the situation and not the hunter, and this is fraught with skin damage and a host of other problems, to the point where the dog can strangle the fox in a hole and bury it there.

Some hunters blame the fact that when hunting with the help of a dog, a lot of time is spent with empty expectations while the dog pulls the fox out of the hole. There is a lot of debate about which dogs are best suited for the job: bloodhounds and dachshunds are traditionally considered the best, but there are and this is fraught with skin damage and a host of other problems, to the point where the dog can strangle the fox in a hole and bury it there.

Some hunters blame the fact that when hunting with the help of a dog, a lot of time is spent with empty expectations while the dog pulls the fox out of the hole. There is a lot of debate about which dogs are best suited for the job: bloodhounds and dachshunds are traditionally considered the best, but there are and this is fraught with skin damage and a host of other problems, to the point where the dog can strangle the fox in a hole and bury it there.

Some hunters blame the fact that when hunting with the help of a dog, a lot of time is spent with empty expectations while the dog pulls the fox out of the hole. There is a lot of debate about which dogs are best suited for the job: bloodhounds and dachshunds are traditionally considered the best, but there are good comments about likes.

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Summarizing every one of the impressions in view of the singular experience of every tracker, we can reach the accompanying determination: a few general proposals on this event it is difficult to give, so you just need to take it and try it, having previously talked with experienced hunters about all the nuances.

If there is no dog, and it is necessary to remove the fox from the hole with smoke, then the question is raised in the foreground, so it is necessary to remove the animal from its shelter. If the hunter’s goal is to remove the skin for sale, then he must carefully consider the choice of smoking method; not everyone is human about the animal.

If we are talking about the extermination of foxes to limit their population in a particular area, then, as they say, “In war, all means are good.” We do not undertake to analyze and evaluate each of the methods developed over the years, but simply list the main ones, which, although often criticized, are quite effective.

Thus, a fox from an opening can be smoked in the accompanying ways:

1. With the help of burrow smoke.

2. Pyrotechnics.

3. Metal cable

4. With the assistance of a “fake ferret”.

5. Regular capture of young for two or three years.

6. Agua.

7. Using an old diesel tractor (a method invented in the Soviet Union).

8. Traps

Smoke is perhaps the first thing that comes to mind, even though this method is heavily criticized by some hunters. It consists of the following: it is necessary to close all the exits from the hole, except one, and make a fire near it so that the smoke penetrates the hole.

Many hunters advise not to cover all the exits but to leave one or two so that the natural air current spreads the smoke throughout the hole. Opinions also differ on what to make a fire: some say that dried wormwood is better for smoking, and others advise using rubber.

It is sometimes advised to use a saltpeter-based smoke bomb instead of a fire. The technology of the method is simple: since the fox is most often located at the bottom of its labyrinth, therefore, any impact on it, not excluding smoke, will make him run to the exit, where the hunter will be waiting for him.

However, opponents of this method argue that in some cases, for example, when the fox is in heat, the effect of the smoke is the opposite: it will hide even more in the hole, preferring to suffocate rather than come out. fresh air.

Also, it should be borne in mind that the fox is more patient than a person, and in case of danger, it will outlive it: there were cases when the hunters, not having achieved quick success, left the hole, and the fox crawled out. alive and well on the third or even fifth day.

it will burrow further into the hole, preferring to suffocate rather than climb out. fresh air. Also, it should be borne in mind that the fox is more patient than a person, and in case of danger, it will outlive it: there were cases when the hunters, not having achieved quick success, left the hole, and the fox crawled out. alive and well on the third or even fifth day.

it will burrow further into the hole, preferring to suffocate rather than climb out. fresh air. Also, it should be borne in mind that the fox is more patient than a person, and in case of danger, it will outlive it: there were cases when the hunters, not having achieved quick success, left the hole, and the fox crawled out. alive and well on the third or even fifth day.

Some fox hunting enthusiasts advise using ordinary firecrackers. The calculation is based on the effect of noise, which is amplified in a confined space, as a result of which the fox also leaves the shelter that has become unreliable. However, this method is criticized for its danger, first of all, for the hunter himself: it is no secret that the quality of the pyrotechnics that is sold often leaves much to be desired, and by buying them for fox hunting, you acquire inadvertently the notorious “pig in a punch”.

A metallic cable is a more original solution to the problem, although it is not indisputable either. The essence of the method is as follows: one end of the rope is previously fluffed, the hunter covers up all the exits, leaving only two, and begins, moving, to feed this rope with the fluffed end into the hole.

Having caught up with the fox, the wire will catch on its skin, and the animal will unknowingly leave the shelter. This method takes into account the direction of the hole, which is why many hunters recommend it as the most reliable and effective.

A variation of the method is the use of an “artificial ferret” (or wrap). Three people are indeed required to use this method. The cable is a steel wire with a diameter of 3-4 mm. At one end of which is a handle, and at the other – a rubber toy. One hunter sticks a toy on a wire into the hole, the second turns the handle, and the third stands with a weapon at the ready.

Some of the time, rather than wire, a standard pipes snake with a steel brush toward the end is utilized. The central thing in all varieties is the adequate length of the link. But this method is only applicable if the fox hiding in a simple hole. For secular nests or burrows, this method is useless.

The capture of young is used if there is a “fight to the bitter end” with the foxes. It is carried out as follows: at the beginning of May, in previously explored nesting burrows, all burrows are closed with pipes with grids at both ends. At one end there is a blind grille, at the other end, it is set under a sharp angle in the path, on a shaft that only allows passage in one direction.

If there are not enough pipes, the least located mouths are hermetically plugged with stumps and stones and covered with earth. Chicken giblets are arranged in tubes. In this way, all the baby foxes are captured. The method must be applied regularly for several years, then the fox will go away on its own.

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Another way of the same arsenal is to fill the hole with water. It is used if it is possible to drive to the hole. The method is extremely simple: nets are installed in the burrows, a tractor with a barrel of water is driven to the hole, and water is thrown through the burrows into the hole. The only nuance that you need to pay attention to is this: if you need a live fox, then you need to fill the hole with non-working muzzles and at first let some water in. After this method, the long-time hole becomes abandoned.

The use of an old diesel tractor is perhaps one of the most barbaric methods of dealing with foxes, which can only be justified by the sheer number of them and the inaction of regional health services. This method is as follows: the tractor is fitted to the hole, and a hose about five meters long is put into the exhaust pipe and pushed into the hole.

The remaining space is sealed with sweaters so that the smoke does not go to the sky. If there is only one entrance to the hole, then the hose should not be sealed too tightly so that the fox can get the plug out. As soon as smoke comes out of any vent, it should be covered immediately.

The last outlook can not be closed, but if the fox does not go out for a long time, they also cover it. Periodically, the tractor driver must regasify. The pith of the technique is that all diesel smoke stays in the red. Because of its abundance, the fox goes mad and eventually comes out in such a state that it is very easy to kill it.

Finally, the last way is to place traps near the hole and visit it in three or four days. If the trap is well camouflaged, the fox will fall into it. However, this method is highly criticized by those who prefer to hunt with dogs.

There are several other ways to get a fox out of a hole, but they are either too exotic (like using thread from an old woolen sock) or belong in the poachers’ arsenal, so we won’t talk about them.

Conclusion

Summing up, we can say the following: it is easier to prevent the fox from entering the hole than to smoke it out later. The fox is a cunning, intelligent, and patient animal, and hunting it requires no less intelligence, cunning, quick wits, and patience on the part of a person.

The difficulty also lies in the fact that for a person there are some generally accepted norms of humanity and hunting ethics, while foxes are completely deprived of this. Therefore, to all those who are bothered by foxes, or those who hunt them, we can only wish you the best of luck in your hard work.