Wolf Spider And Brown Recluse Similarities And Differences

wolf spider and brown recluse Similarities and Differences

The wolf spider is one of the largest spider species in Europe and a fascinating inhabitant of your terrarium. Like any animal, this nocturnal spider has its habits and needs. So that you can offer it a suitable home, here are some tips for keeping and caring for it according to the species.

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Wolf Spider vs Brown Recluse

Brown recluses are darker and somewhat thinner in appearance.

• Size – Wolf spiders can grow to be three times bigger than brown recluse spiders.

• Body patterns: While the brown recluse spider only has one recognizable design, a violin-shaped pattern on its head, the wolf spider has patterns on the rear of its body.

• Leg thickness – The brown recluse spider has thinner legs than the wolf spider, making it easy to identify which spider you are dealing with by looking at its legs.

• Venom: Compared to wolf spiders, brown recluse venom is more harmful to people.

Certain regions of North America, particularly the southern states, are home to the brown recluse (Texas, Arizona, Mississippi, Arkansas, Alabama, and Louisiana, as well as a few other states). In contrast, practically every continent on the planet, including almost all of the Americas, is home to the wolf spider.

IMPORTANT:  Please take note that this is generic knowledge provided purely for fun. You should seek emergency medical assistance if you have been bitten. Always consult experts to determine and handle your pest control needs.

Brown Recluse versus the Wolf Spider

The Wolf spider is a brown recluse’s distinctive feature.

1. Loxosceles reclusa of the Lycosidae family, scientific name

2. Body size (without legs): 10 mm, 10 mm, and 35 mm

3. Habitat: all of North America’s southern states

4. color: consistent brown; shades of gray, brown, and yellow

5. No distinctive pattern; black stripes

6. Eyes: eight rows of six triangle-shaped eyes.

7. Very dangerous-mild bite poison

8. Tangled web-type website – None

Characteristics of the Wolf Spider

The scientific name of the wolf spider is Lycosidae, and it is a large family of arachnids, included under the suborder of the araneomorphs. The name of the wolf spider is due to its very particular hunting methods and its physical appearance since they usually chase their prey until they hunt them (they do not make webs), and they have a brown color on their hairy body, generally covered with small black, gray and orange lines, giving it excellent camouflage to blend in with its surroundings.

The characteristics of the wolf spider make it a very unique animal, as it is also known that they are excellent runners, and have an impeccable vision system. Their eyes are arranged as follows: a top row with two medium-sized eyes, a middle row with two long, prominent eyes, and below, a row of four fine, small eyes. In all, and although they are known not to be able to move their eyes, wolf spiders gain excellent peripheral vision so they can move around their environment, sneak up on prey, and avoid predators.

Below, you can find more information about the wolf spider.

  • Like cats, the wolf spider’s eyes are capable of reflecting light in low-light environments.
  • There is a South American species of wolf spider that has proven to be much more dangerous than those known in the United States.
  • The wolf spider is important for the ecosystem since it regulates the population of insects and is capable of consuming other arachnids that are unpleasant to humans.
  • Wolf spiders mostly have up to eight legs.
  • The most common predators of the wolf spider are snakes, dogs, and cats.
  • Some smaller species of wolf spiders move through the air to find a mate.
  • The average speed of a wolf spider is 0.6 m/s, a not inconsiderable figure if we consider its size and the fact that it is a spider.
  • Although they cannot move their eyes, wolf spiders can see in four directions at the same time.

How do you live?

The wolf spider is a ground-dwelling, nocturnal creature. She excavates a 30-centimeter-deep gallery where she spends the majority of the day. A nice spun cover covers this gallery.

The tarantula emerges from its hiding place as soon as dusk falls to go scavenging. It is led by its keen eyesight and delicate hairs, which can detect even the smallest tremors and vibrations. You may observe how the speedy tarantula almost chases the insects while they are in the terrarium.

The wolf spider may go days without being seen, yet it may also be seen sunbathing. It basks in the spring light in its natural habitat by sitting near the cave’s entrance. The wolf spider hibernates during the winter.

What do they eat?

Although initially, we can mention that they eat small insects, they can also feed on frogs and are carnivorous, so we can be careful because they are very dangerous.

In the wild, the wolf spider eats insects, beetles, or other spiders. In the terrarium, you can feed it with insects such as cockroaches, house crickets, or crickets. Use long tweezers to place these animals in the spider’s home. It would help if you didn’t feed the tarantula too much or too often. Overfeeding would be detrimental to your well-being.

How do they reproduce?

They reproduce in the following way, because during copulation the male jumps over his partner, to adopt a position that is inverse to hers, and she lays the eggs. When the smaller ones are born, they usually climb towards their mother.

they live little

It should be noted that wolf spiders have a short lifespan, around two years. They are deadly and have both predators and the large number of prey. So among them are the reptiles.

It is poisonous?

Like almost all spiders, the tarantula has poison glands and a canal that supplies poison to the chelicerae. The spider uses the venom to kill and break down its prey.

But don’t worry, although its bite is painful for people, it is almost always harmless. There is only danger in the event of an allergic reaction. If you notice symptoms such as headache or stomach pain, inflammation, swelling, blisters, or anxiety after the sting, see a doctor just in case.

What should I consider before purchasing a wolf spider?

Don’t purchase a wolf spider impulsively if you want to. Be cautious and first become familiar with the spider’s routines. Next, equip the terrarium according to the species. Additionally, confirm that it is a farm animal.

How do I choose the terrarium?

The European tarantula is an interesting and attractive inhabitant for experts. If you have decided to buy one, choosing the right terrarium is the next thing you should do.

Type of terrarium

There are two types of usual terrariums to have the tarantula. On the one hand, there are those with sliding glass. You can slide the front glass of the terrarium to put the food or clean the terrarium. In addition, it offers a good visual field that allows you to observe the spider perfectly. The problem is that it takes a lot of space to raise the glass, so it does not fit on a shelf.

The second model is a terrarium with a divided front glass that can be moved laterally. If you want to place several terrariums consecutively on a shelf, this is the variant you need. However, these terrariums with divided glass are somewhat more expensive.

The ideal size

If you have already chosen a model, now you have to clarify the matter of size. As the wolf spider is large and lives on the ground, we recommend approximate dimensions of 40 centimeters in length, 40 in width, and 30 in height.

Equipment according to the species

Now it’s time to equip and furnish the spider’s home in the most species-appropriate way possible. Be guided by the natural habitat and habits of the animal.

The wolf spider prefers dry and rocky biotopes with little vegetation. For this species, the substrate is particularly important; it must be able to dig so that the spider can build a gallery. You can use a mixture of earth and mud with a minimum thickness of ten centimeters.

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Place a few stones and branches to your liking to decorate the terrarium. Plants make a good impression and offer additional hiding places for animals. If you want to cover the rear wall of the terrarium, we recommend that you do so with a corkboard.

Environmental conditions

The wolf spider feels comfortable at a daytime temperature of between 22 and 26 °C. If it is colder in your apartment, you will have to use special heating lamps. These are fixed on the terrarium, so they do not pose any danger to the animal. At night you can lower the temperature to 20 °C. For the three-month hibernation, reduce the terrarium temperature to 15°C.

The humidity of approximately 65 percent is achieved by spraying the terrarium and accessories daily.

For lighting, you can use fluorescent. To achieve a regulated day-night rhythm, daytime lighting should be around twelve hours.

In the wild, the wolf spider eats insects, beetles, or other spiders. In the terrarium, you can feed it with insects such as cockroaches, house crickets, or crickets. Use long tweezers to place these animals in the spider’s home. It would help if you didn’t feed the tarantula too much or too often. Overfeeding would be detrimental to your well-being.

Brown Recluse Spiders

Just thinking about spiders, we feel fear and anxiety. Tennessee has many kinds of spiders, but only two kinds are poisonous: the Black Widow and the Brown Recluse. These spiders can be found in every county in Tennessee.

One of the most closely related species, Loxosceles rufescens, the Mediterranean recluse, thought to have been introduced from southern Europe, has become established in the steam tunnels of Penn State and other locations in the northeast. This spider is not known to have bitten any employees or students, despite long stays in Penn State’s steam tunnels. Bites from this spider do not produce a severe reaction typically associated with the brown recluse spider.

To avoid being bitten by these spiders, take the following precautions:

  • When possible keep shoes and clothing in plastic containers or bags
  • Shake out your footwear and clothing before wearing them.
  • Keep closets open to let in light
  • (these spiders enjoy the darkness and undisturbed air)
  • Keep vegetation, firewood, branches, and other objects
  • away from the foundation of his house
  • Seal any cracks you have in your home to prevent spiders from getting into them.
  • If you suspect a spider bite, contact your family doctor.

Description

These spiders are chocolate brown and their bodies are about 9 millimeters in length, with long legs. They have three pairs of eyes, arranged in a triad, and violin-shaped markings on the cephalothorax. The body of the violin is close to the eyes and the neck of the violin is extended backward, ending before the abdomen. The appearance of men is comparable to that of women.

How to Identify a Brown Recluse Spider

The brown recluse spider’s body is sandy brown, with a marking in the center that is slightly darker. 

It has that characteristic violin shape on its body, with many very fine hairs. Yes, it does not have any thorns neither in the body nor in the legs.

It differs from other spiders in that it only has six eyes:  one pair in the center and the other two a pair on each side. They are so small that they can only be seen with a magnifying glass. 

Beyond the outdoor places where they can be found, this spider likes to be in rotten barks, basements, attics, shoes, cardboard boxes, and even behind paintings.

What is a brown recluse spider?

The brown recluse spider is one of the few types of poisonous spiders in the United States. It is part of the arachnid family, which includes not only spiders, but also ticks, mites, and scorpions. It has long, spindly legs and is about a half-inch (1.25 cm) long overall. Its entire body is brown, except for a dark violin-shaped mark on its head. 

Brown recluses are usually found in the southern and midwestern states of the United States and are often found in obscure places. When they are outdoors, they like to be among piles of stones, wood, or leaves.

If they enter homes, brown recluse spiders will head for dark closets, attics, or basements. They are not aggressive and will only bite if disturbed.

What should you do

If you ever think you have been stung by a brown recluse, tell an adult immediately. Brown recluse bites are rarely fatal, but it is important to get medical attention as soon as possible because you can get quite sick. Wash the bite thoroughly with soap and water with an adult’s assistance. You can also put ice on the affected area, put it up, and keep it still.

If possible, have an adult catch the spider and bring it to the doctor’s office with you; This is important because it is sometimes difficult to correctly diagnose a spider bite. You can kill the spider before taking it, but be careful not to crush it so much that no one can recognize it.

Life story

After mating in June or July, females lay 20 to 50 eggs in a spherical container. They can produce as many as two to five batches of eggs during their lifetime. Those that are raised individually in laboratories can live for two to three years. The young require about a year to mature.

The brown recluse spider, L. reclusa, normally prefers to inhabit openings within rocks, boards, tree bark, and dead logs. In structures, they can live inside cracks in walls and boards as well as behind and inside several stored items. The brown recluse spider prefers nest sites that are warm and dry. In contrast, L. rufescens prefers to nest in cooler and more humid places.

Habitat

Brown recluse spiders are solitary and secretive, making it difficult to locate their nests. Almost any dark, quiet area can serve as a haven for these spiders. In the wild, brown recluses can be found under rocks and logs.

However, humans who have altered their environment have provided brown recluse spiders with better conditions than their natural habitat. This species of spider can live inside boxes, clothing, shoes, furniture, bedding, rubber tires, and generally in dry, dark, and warm locations.

Storage areas, such as basements and cellars, are often preferred habitats. Due to their prolific reproduction, more than one spider is usually found in the same place.

How a bite from a brown recluse feels and appears

When a brown recluse stings, the victim may first feel nothing or only a little prick. The bite will begin to ache a little more after around eight hours. It could resemble a bruise or develop into a blister surrounded by a purple region, which after a few days turns black or brown and crusts over.

What will the doctor do?

Doctors treat people who have been bitten by a brown recluse with different types of medications, including antibiotics, antihistamines, and pain relievers. Rarely, a skin graft is needed if the skin is severely damaged at the site of the bite. (A skin graft involves removing a small amount of skin from somewhere on the body and placing it over the damaged area of ​​skin to create new skin.)

How to avoid bites

Being cautious in their preferred areas is the best defense against being bitten by a brown recluse. Playing on rock or wood piles is prohibited. If you’re gardening on large piles of wood or leaves, wear gloves.

Be sure to shake out blankets and clothing that have been stored in the attic or basement, or have been stored in a closet and not been worn in a long time. Shake out your shoes if you store them in a garage before wearing them.

Medical Importance

The brown recluse spider’s bite frequently does not cause immediate pain, however, a little stinging sensation may be experienced. The venom of these spiders includes a neurotoxic component, but it is mainly concerned with the necrotic or cytotoxic property that causes the tissues to be destroyed where the venom is injected.

About seven hours after the bite, a small ulcer-like blister appears that can grow in size. In sensitive individuals, it can cause a generalized reaction or a systemic reaction. Symptoms include chills, fever, blood in the urine, fatigue, jaundice, joint pain, nausea, rash, and, in extremely rare cases, seizures and death.

The amount of damage depends on the amount of poison that was injected. The affected area can be the size of a dime or as large as 20 centimeters in diameter. The affected tissue becomes gangrenous, turns black, and eventually, the dead tissue is lost, leaving a dent in the skin. The healing process is slow and can leave a scar on the wound. It can take six to eight weeks or up to a year if the wound is large.

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