We as a whole maintain that our feline should be sound and fit. To assist you, we’ve put together a rundown of normal medical conditions that can influence your feline and tips on what to search for when you inspect your cath. If you have concerns about your pet, it’s always a good idea to contact your vet.
Do you want to know about Your Cat’s Health Tips And Preventive Care, Don’t miss the following Best Pets Lover article in which we will explain everything you need to know about Your Cat’s Health Tips And Preventive Care.
PREVENTION OF HEALTH PROBLEMS
The well-known phrase “Prevention is better than cure” is also valid for the health of your cat. You must ensure that your cat is regularly vaccinated against the main feline diseases and that the veterinarian administers preventive medication for internal and external deworming. You should also brush your teeth frequently to help maintain your oral health. A quality diet also helps your favorite pet enjoy iron health.
How to know if our cat feels bad or sick
But there is more that must be taken into account, other actions of the cat that can reveal its pathological condition. As we mentioned before, cats, if they feel bad, tend to isolate themselves, but they can also show great aggression, especially if they are touched in a painful area.
The cat comes to meow even when only a caress is applied and seeks to get away from the attention of humans. If the cat experiences abdominal pain, he tends to shrink his body, as if seeking to protect the affected part.
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Cats with health problems appear with their snouts contracted and they have heavy breathing. They also drink less water and eat less food than normal. In some cases, the cat will intersperse short periods of extreme activity, almost reaching frantic, with other periods of stillness, isolation, and apathy.
When you run your hand down your cat’s back, you should be able to feel or even see her ribs relatively easily, covered only by a thin layer of fat. As seen from above, you should be able to see a well-defined hourglass-shaped waist, as well as a little paunch.
The ears should always be clean and free of thick brown wax. They should not smell bad or show redness or irritation.
The eyes should be bright and clear and not watery, red, or puffy. Normally you don’t need to clean your cat’s ears, but if you do, use a soft, damp cotton swab and gently clean the visible areas. Never insert objects into the ear canal, especially if they are hard, as they could seriously damage the eardrum.
Under normal conditions, cats’ noses are soft and moist to the touch. The surface should be free of crusts and the nose should not run or bleed. Expand the information on hearing problems here.
Awful breath can demonstrate a fundamental stomach-related or kidney issue. Most often, it is a sign of bacteria or plaque on the teeth or gums, which can lead to cavities and gingivitis.
Teeth should be white, without excess tartar, and gums should be a healthy pink color (or black depending on skin pigmentation). If you detect redness, inflammation, or bleeding you should investigate the causes. Ask the vet, or his assistant, to teach you how to brush the cat’s teeth. Brushing frequently using a special animal toothpaste and soft toothbrush will help keep your cat’s teeth and gums healthy.
SKIN AND COAT
The skin can be pink or black, depending on the natural pigments of its race. The coat should be thick (depending on the breed) and shiny, without broken hairs, bare spots, dandruff, or fleas. They can lose hair throughout the year, but the loss is usually more important in summer and autumn.
FOOD AND DRINK
Cats don’t seem to drink much water (although they prefer to drink from unusual places), but we must ensure that they always have a large container with clean water available. Make sure the container is metal or ceramic (with plastic containers the water can take on an unpleasant taste and deter some cats from drinking). Also, we advise you to use a container that is flat and large enough to ensure that the whiskers do not touch the edges of the container while drinking.
Cats can be a bit picky eaters, but it’s important to make sure your cat eats a quality, balanced diet. Most finicky felines end up eating whatever is put on them.
Occasional food regurgitation or hairball expulsions are normal in some cats, but persistent vomiting can be associated with a wide range of digestive problems or system ailments. Therefore, before any symptoms of vomiting, take him to the vet. The stools should be solid and have a uniform brown color without the presence of constipation, blood, or mucus.
If your cat urinates frequently or strains without urinating or defecating, she likely has a problem with her lower urinary tract. If you detect blood in your cat’s urine, go to the vet immediately. Similarly, if your male cat is unable to urinate, take him to the vet immediately because he could have a blockage in his urinary tract, which needs to be treated urgently.
Good nutrition is essential to protect your cat’s health. That is why we developed Purina® Cat Chow® Hogareños with Defense Plus, a 100% complete and balanced food that helps strengthen its natural defenses with each meal.
You must consider that with each stage and change in lifestyle, the nutritional needs of cats change. That is why we recommend you change your cat’s food according to his needs, with the recommendation of your veterinarian.
3. Clean water daily: never leave your cat dry or with dirty water. Hydration is also very important, although it depends on each case, we could be guided by about 50 – 100 ml for each kilo of weight. Dehydration of 10% could have serious consequences on the health of our cats.
4. Sandbox – no less important than the previous points. We must always keep our cats’ feeder, drinker, and litter box clean. For them, cleanliness and order are fundamental factors, with our help and maintenance, this order will positively influence the lives of our pets.
5. Physical activity: although it may seem like a simple matter of leisure, cats are naturally active, and maintaining daily physical activity is one of the essential care for them. Playing increases your happiness and therefore your well-being. His hunting instinct is always alert and can be used for different games. It is advisable to use toys with caution and vigilance, which encourage their instinct and simulate prey to be reached.
6. Attention: Related to the previous point, our pets always need our attention. In the daily routine of their care, we must include that free time exclusively for them. If we have little time, we can take advantage of it for other required activities such as combing it or playing with them.
7. Hair: our cat’s hair is a direct reflection of the health and cares that we dedicate to it daily. A cat with good hair is a sign of good health. Cats are elegant and clean animals, therefore we can take advantage of the leisure time we spend with them to brush them, it will be doubly productive.
8. Bathroom: the dreaded time to go to the shower. Cats don’t need a daily bath in their grooming routine, but including one once in a while will improve their health. If the situation is very delicate and we see the cat suffer, we can leave it in the hands of an expert. The bath will help take care of our cat’s skin and hair. In addition, we can take the opportunity to monitor the condition of your nails.
9. Environment: our home also becomes your home. Having an open space where you can play is vital to your routine. The responsibility of not leaving cables, plugs, or objects that can bite and swallow within the reach of our cat falls on us. Plants can also become a danger, we must inform ourselves about what plants can be kept in case we have a pet.
10. Rest: in the care routine we must not forget the daily rest. Our cat must rest properly, therefore, providing it with a large, clean and preferably soft-textured bed will have a significant influence on its well-being.
All the care of our cats can seem complicated and require too much routine time. However, we must be aware and committed. Care can become part of our day-to-day life and bring us that mutual happiness of enjoying free time.
Cats are experts at hiding health problems, but in general, if you notice your cat avoiding contact with humans, this is usually a red flag. Like people, cats have different ways of being and some are naturally shy, so it’s vital to notice any changes in your cat’s usual behavior.
It can also happen that sick cats begin to urinate in unusual places or that they are aggressive for no apparent reason. We must be vigilant since cats know how to hide their evils very well. Changes in attitude are a good indicator.
The basis for wellness and disease prevention is to have a healthy, complete, and balanced diet that provides adequate levels of energy and nutrients. Your cat needs foods rich in protein and amino acids of the highest quality such as those contained in Premium pet foods.
Your pet also requires a “lifestyle diet,” which also means a different diet for your cat’s age. For example, a kitten requires a diet rich in calories and minerals due to its more active lifestyle and also to maintain healthy muscles and bones during growth, while an adult cat requires a diet with many Adequate calories to maintain a healthy body weight as well as nutrients that support healthy aging.
Visit us in Banfield and your veterinary doctor will advise you to make good decisions about the nutrition of your pets.
Vaccination protects your cat against many viral diseases including feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infections and herpes virus infections. These infectious agents cause a wide variety of signs of illness, ranging from sneezing to death.
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Just like a child, your cat needs to be protected by vaccinations from an early age and receive boosters throughout adult life. Vaccines are one of the most outstanding medical achievements of humanity and allow us to prolong and improve the quality of life;? so why risk it?
Many kittens are born with parasites that attach to the intestinal lining and can cause painful diarrhea or life-threatening conditions. Intestinal parasites prevent your cat from growing and getting the required level of energy as both compete for nutrients and some types of parasites can even be transmitted to humans.
With the help of a microscope, in the veterinary hospital, a sample of your cat’s feces can be analyzed and verified if it contains parasite eggs and thus be able to recommend the administration of antiparasitic medications at the right time for your pet. All kittens should be routinely dewormed to prevent intestinal parasite infections.
Giardia is a microscopic parasite that can cause severe intestinal inflammation. If pets are infected, they may experience diarrhea, weight loss, depression, decreased appetite, or vomiting. If the infection is not treated, your pet may become increasingly debilitated and susceptible to other infections. In addition, there is a risk of Giardia infection spreading from pets to humans, so you may be subject to the same health risks as your pets.
The veterinarian can also help control other external pests that can infest your pet such as fleas, ticks, lice, and mites.
Spay and neuter
As the guardian and voice of your pet, you will have many important preventive health care decisions to make, one of which is whether to have your cat spayed or neutered. Performing this surgical procedure early in your pet’s life will help prevent any future problems, including uterine infections, catfights, housebreaks, branding, and overcrowding.
Spaying (which is technically called an Ovariohysterectomy) and castration are routine procedures that, while generally safe, are major surgical procedures that need to be performed under general anesthesia and hospitalization for 24 hours.
These surgical procedures are usually performed when the pet is between 4 and 6 months of age.
To make the best decision for your pet, visit us in Banfield, where your veterinary doctor will advise you on all surgical options.
Routine medical exams
Think of the medical care we receive regularly throughout our lives, from pediatricians, dentists, general practitioners, ophthalmologists, allergists, etc. Why settle for less attention for your pet? Now think about the fact that pets age an average of seven years for every one of ours—and it becomes clear why regular health care is so important.
Schedule appointments twice a year for medical evaluations of your cat. These professional evaluations will ensure that you are on the right track in caring for your cat’s health. Keeping your pet up to date on all aspects of health care will give your cat the best chance for a long and happy life.
At Banfield, we have wellness plans that will provide you with the peace of mind of receiving the best care for your pet’s health.
Take care and keep your vaccination record close. It is very important to take it as soon as possible after you get home, to assess your general health and act preventively in the event of any problem.
*If you do not want your cat to reproduce in the future, schedule an appointment for sterilization, remember that it is part of preventive medicine.
Typical symptoms of feline diseases
Worms: Worm infestation is considered to be widespread among outdoor cats. Therefore, it is recommended to deworm them regularly. An infestation with the pathogen can cause diarrhea, an unkempt coat, possible emaciation, dehydration, as well as poor general condition.
In very severe cases, it can also cause intestinal obstruction or peritonitis. Fortunately, excreted eggs can be identified by examining the stool. Antiparasitic preparations are the means to combat the infestation of worms.
Chlamydia: Chlamydophila felis attacks the conjunctiva of the cat’s eye. This leads to conjunctivitis (inflammation of the conjunctiva). An obvious symptom is a watery eye, and after a few days, the second eye may also be affected. If the course of the disease is severe, the eye suffers considerable damage. Symptoms can also include cold and fever.
The disease most often affects cats between five weeks and nine months. Transmission occurs by direct contact with eye discharge from a sick mustache. The pathogen may be also transmitted from cats to humans.
The pathogen can be detected using an eye swab sample. If the cat has not been vaccinated, the detection of antibodies can support the suspicion of a diagnosis. Tetracyclines (antibiotics) are used for treatment. This should last four weeks.
In certain conditions, which will be evaluated by a veterinarian, chlamydia vaccination may be recommended. This is only possible if the cat is exposed to a higher risk of infection, for example, when it is in an animal shelter.
Toxoplasmosis: is a contamination brought about by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasmas are unicellular microorganisms. The pathogen is spread throughout the world, infecting mostly cats, but also lynxes, ocelots, and cougars. The feline can be infected through the feces of other cats, as well as through prey infected with the pathogen, such as mice and birds. The risk of infection is much higher in outdoor cats than in indoor cats.
The obvious symptoms of the disease are lack of appetite, weight loss, lethargy, respiratory problems, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, neurological deficits, and inflammation of the muscular system. Your vet can determine if your cat has already had an infection. After a single infection, the cat will often have a positive antibody titer in the blood.
With a blood test, the veterinarian determines if the cat has toxoplasmosis. In addition, he will examine stool samples at two-week intervals. Treatment consists of antibiotics and antiparasitics.
Rabies: It is caused by a virus and spreads throughout the world. Infection occurs through the bite of an infected animal, but also through contact, such as licking or scratching. The pathogen enters the cat’s body through wounds or mucous membranes via saliva and finds its way to the brain through nerve pathways. There the virus multiplies.
From there, the virus spreads throughout the body and reaches, among other places, the salivary glands. Transmission takes place through bites. Not all animals that suffer from rabies attack others some behave so meekly that it attracts attention. It can take up to 200 days before symptoms appear.
The disease appears with symptoms such as loss of appetite, headache, dizziness, vomiting, sore throat, and fever two to seven weeks after the infection has occurred. Restlessness and anxiety may also be experienced, as well as a fear of water. General hyperexcitability is expressed by increased lacrimation, excessive perspiration, and dilated pupils. The cat’s mouth begins to expel saliva because swallowing it causes cramps. This is followed by seizures.
The animal dies within three to five days. The disease can only be demonstrated in the dead animal. The rabies vaccine offers sure protection. After performing the basic immunization, it only has to be repeated every three years. Inoculation is suggested for all open-air felines.
How to keep your cat healthy
As a cat carer, you can do a lot to ensure that your beloved kitty stays healthy for the long term. Still, illness is possible. In case of doubt, you must consult a veterinarian, because cats, as we have already described at the beginning, tend to hide the symptoms. This behavior is instinctive because in nature it could be dangerous for a feline to be perceived by others as an easy victim.
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It is also recommended that vaccination be carried out sensibly. Your vet can use various parameters to decide which vaccines are best for your kitty. However, you, as a cat owner, should also be well informed about the vaccinations available and how often they should be given.
The percept of vaccinations is as much as necessary, as little as possible. No vaccine can guarantee 100% protection against disease. However, the benefit of a vaccine still far outweighs the associated risk.
Regular deworming is also mandatory, especially since worm infestation can, under certain circumstances, become a danger not only for the cat itself but also for humans, if they have a weakened immune system. The same applies to children.
Feline Triple Vaccine
It must be revaccinated every year for life with a dose of Triple Feline.
It should be revaccinated every year for life with a dose of anti-rabies.
Leukemia Test and Vaccine
The test must be carried out every year and if it comes out negative for the disease, it can be vaccinated against Feline Leukemia.
To ensure that our pet is healthy and in perfect condition without health problems, it is recommended that the following tests be carried out starting at 3 years of age, and repeated at 5 and 7 years of age:
- Profile and Hemogram: This is one of the most frequent and routine laboratories tests, since it allows an overview of the functioning of many aspects of the body.
- Chest and Spine X-Ray: Contributes to cardiac and pulmonary evaluation, in addition to seeing if there are bone conformation problems due to malformations or age.
- Abdominal ultrasound: It is used to see the internal organs in the abdomen, such as the liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, and kidneys, among others.
- Urinalysis exam: To detect or monitor different diseases, such as kidney and urinary tract diseases
- Hypothyroidism Test: It is used to evaluate hypothyroidism or hypothyroidism problems.
For the stage in which our cat becomes a grandfather, the same care must be maintained as when they are adults in matters of:
Internaland external antiparasitic
- Feline Triple Vaccine
- Rabies vaccine
Leukemia Test and Vaccine
Regarding the exams, the same exams should be carried out as when they are adults, only the frequency changes, where it is recommended to carry them out every year.
HOW TO CARE FOR A CAT EXPERIENCING SEIZURES
If the cat presents seizures, whatever the causes, which can be identified with the appropriate physical examination, some actions must be taken. The first thing is to prevent the cat from injuring itself and for this, it must be surrounded by blankets and cushions.
It is not necessary to immobilize the pussycat or try to open its snout, since it can rebel by pure instinct and hurt itself with it. What should be done, instead, is to let the crisis end and immediately request the support of a veterinarian.
On the other hand, cases of drowning can also occur. Although cats can swim quite well, drowning events in these animals are often related to human intervention. If such a situation ever occurs, raise the cat’s upper body very carefully. This is to encourage the outflow of water. The kitten is then covered with a blanket. What follows is to take him to the vet soon so that he can be given oxygen and proper care.